Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Teen Behavior 8. Teen Violent Crime Arrests

10/01/1997

Teen crime data indicate serious adolescent problem behavior and may predict future dependence.

Figure TEEN 8. Arrest Rates for Violent Crime for Youth Age 15 to 18, 1965 - 1994 (per 100,000 Teens)

Figure TEEN 8. Arrest Rates for Violent Crime for Youth Age 15 to 18, 1965 - 1994 (per 100,000 Teens)

  • Violent crime arrest rates for youth age 15 were lower than the rates for older teens and this differential was much larger in 1994 than it was in 1965.
  • As shown in Table TEEN 8, arrest rates for violent crime for all youth age 10 to 18 increased substantially from 1965 to 1980 (from 58 to 163 per 100,000 teens). The arrest rate dropped to 139 per 100,000 teens in 1985 and rose again to 195 per 100,000 teens in 1991. After declining somewhat in 1992, the arrest rate again increased to 231 arrests per 100,000 teens in 1994.
  • Table TEEN 8 shows that violent crime arrest rates increased for both white and non-white youth during this period, however, the arrest rates for non-white youth fluctuated more over the time period and were substantially higher in all years.
  • Table TEEN 8 also shows that, as expected, violent crime arrest rates were consistently much higher among males than among females for all ages over the time period.

Table TEEN 8. Arrest Rates for Violent Crime for Youth Age 10 to 18, 1965 - 1994 (per 100,000 Teens)


  1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
All Persons 58 101 136 163 139 184 195 188 220 231
Racial Categories
White 24 42 79 92 77 108 121 126 130 138
Non-White 259 436 431 492 400 488 486 534 568 584
Age Categories
Age 10 - 12 NA NA NA 47 56 71 77 81 86 92
Age 13 - 14 139 207 250 262 252 369 397 420 461 493
Age 15 245 364 483 505 446 670 720 725 829 858
Age 16 304 459 616 638 568 879 925 940 1031 1058
Age 17 305 519 663 739 662 986 1041 1001 1115 1119
Age 18 338 571 713 746 661 1023 1108 1092 1149 1167
Male
Age 10 - 12 NA NA NA 82 99 119 130 137 144 153
Age 13 - 14 242 351 420 446 424 602 652 681 740 788
Age 15 442 644 832 877 769 1137 1222 1210 1379 2414
Age 16 564 838 1102 1130 999 1525 1604 1621 1764 1798
Age 17 572 957 1201 1322 1180 1745 1841 1757 1944 1939
Age 18 638 1065 1299 1350 1194 1840 1996 1944 2038 2042
Female
Age 10 - 12 NA NA NA 10 12 19 20 23 25 27
Age 13 - 14 32 57 72 70 71 123 130 145 167 183
Age 15 40 73 119 117 108 177 192 214 249 272
Age 16 36 67 114 125 118 193 204 217 253 275
Age 17 30 66 105 130 118 179 188 195 233 247
Age 18 37 72 113 125 114 164 176 197 214 249

Note: Violent crime is the sum of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. Rates refer to the number of arrests made per 100,000 inhabitants belonging to the prescribed age group.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth: 1997. Table SD 1.6.