Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 7. Multiple Program Receipt

10/01/1997

Data on multiple program receipt illustrates the nature of means-tested assistance "packages" and one aspect of the depth of dependence.

Figure IND 7. Percent of the Total Population Receiving AFDC and Food Stamps

Figure IND 7. Percent of the Total Population Receiving AFDC and Food Stamps

  • The percentage of the total population that received both AFDC and Food Stamps increased from 3.5 percent in 1990 to 4.2 percent in 1993.
  • Much smaller percentages of non-Hispanic whites received AFDC and Food Stamps in all four years relative to non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics.
  • As shown in Table IND 7, higher percentages of children under age 11, relative to those age 11 to 15, received both AFDC and Food Stamps. Percentages are especially high for children under age 6.
  • Table IND 7 shows higher percentages of women relative to men, received income from multiple transfer programs, especially the combination of AFDC receipt and Food Stamps.

Table IND 7. Percent of the Total Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs

  AFDC and SSI Food Stamps and AFDC SSI and Food Stamps AFDC, SSI and Food Stamps
  1990 1991 1992 1993 1990 1991 1992 1993 1990 1991 1992 1993 1990 1991 1992 1993
All Persons 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Non-Hispanic Black 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 12.6 12.6 14.1 14.5 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
Hispanic 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 7.3 8.2 8.7 9.3 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.8 11.7 13.0 13.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Children Age 6 - 10 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.8 9.5 9.6 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Children Age 11 - 15 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.2 6.7 7.4 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Women Age 16 - 64 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.3 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Men Age 16 - 64 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1990 and 1992 panels.