Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 6. Long-term Receipt

10/01/1997

Lifetime welfare receipt often occurs in more than one episode. Indicators that measure the duration of receipt over a lifetime further reflect the depth of dependence.

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt

  • In both nine-year time periods, almost half of all recipients received AFDC in only one or two years.
  • Compared to non-black recipients, smaller percentages of black recipients experienced AFDC receipt of 1 to 2 years while larger percentages experienced longer-term AFDC receipt of 6 to 10 years in both nine-year time periods.
  • Table IND 6 shows that child recipients have smaller percentages of short-term and larger percentages of long-term receipt in both time periods relative to the percentages for all recipients.

Table IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt

Years All Recipients: 1972 - 1981 All Recipients: 1982 - 1991
All Recipients Black Non-Black All Recipients Black Non-Black
1 - 2 Years 49 32 59 47 37 53
3 - 5 Years 28 34 25 28 27 28
6 - 8 Years 13 19 9 15 19 12
9 - 10 Years 11 15 8 11 17 6
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Years Children 0 - 5 in 1972: 1972-1981 Children 0 - 5 in 1982: 1982-1991
All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children
1 - 2 Years 37 24 46 34 28 39
3 - 5 Years 29 31 27 29 28 30
6 - 8 Years 15 23 10 17 16 19
9 - 10 Years 19 23 17 20 29 13
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1972 - 1991.