Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 4. Receipt of Means-tested Assistance and Labor Force Attachment

10/01/1997

This indicator illustrates one aspect of the range of dependence by combining information on receipt of means-tested assistance and hours of employment.

Figure IND 4. Percentage of Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants, 1993

Figure IND 4. Percentage of Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants, 1993

 

  • In 1993, 44 percent of individuals who received AFDC, 56 percent of individuals who received Food Stamps, and 37 percent of individuals who received SSI were in families with at least one person in the labor force.
  • A much smaller percentage of individuals who received AFDC, compared to Food Stamps and SSI, were in families with at least one full-time worker.
  • As shown in Table IND 4, much smaller percentages of adults age 65 and over were in families with at least one full-time worker for all receipt categories.
  • Table IND 4 shows for all recipient groups, a somewhat larger percentage of Hispanics relative to non-Hispanic blacks were in families with at least one full-time worker.

Table IND 4. Percentage of Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants, 1993

   

No One in Labor Force

At Least One Person in the Labor Force (no one full time) At Least One Full-Time Person in the Labor Force
AFDC: All Recipients 55.6 25.9 18.5
 
Non-Hispanic White 49.8 26.9 23.3
Non-Hispanic Black 56.3 28.0 15.7
Hispanic 62.4 20.6 17.0
Children Age 0 - 5 56.3 22.6 21.1
Children Age 6 - 10 59.1 25.8 15.2
Children Age 11 - 15 59.7 28.1 12.1
Women Age 16 - 64 54.2 25.8 20.0
Men Age 16 - 64 41.1 37.9 20.9
Adults Age 65 and over 69.5 23.8 6.7
 
FS: All Recipients 43.6 26.1 30.3
 
Non-Hispanic White 40.1 26.2 33.7
Non-Hispanic Black 47.1 28.5 24.4
Hispanic 44.4 22.9 32.7
Children Age 0 - 5 43.1 24.2 32.7
Children Age 6 - 10 46.3 26.1 27.6
Children Age 11 - 15 41.5 28.8 29.7
Women Age 16 - 64 43.5 27.1 29.4
Men Age 16 - 64 29.0 31.8 39.2
Adults Age 65 and over 83.7 6.4 10.0
 
SSI: All Recipients 63.1 11.0 25.9
 
Non-Hispanic White 60.6 12.6 26.8
Non-Hispanic Black 65.2 12.1 22.7
Hispanic 67.5 6.5 26.0
Women Age 16 - 64 53.9 15.7 30.4
Men Age 16 - 64 57.7 13.4 28.9
Adults Age 65 and over 76.8 4.4 18.8

Note: Full-time labor force participants are defined as those who usually work 35 or more hours per week. Data on SSI recipiency for children is not available.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1992 panel.