Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 2. Dependence Transitions

10/01/1997

Whereas other indicators (Indicator 1a) illustrate the depth of dependence in a single year, this indicator reflects changes in the level of dependence over two years.

Figure IND 2. Changes in the Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993

Figure IND 2. Changes in the Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993

  • Forty percent of first AFDC spells with no employment lasted a total of 1 to 3 months.
  • Over two-thirds (70 percent) of first AFDC spells with no employment ended within a year.
  • Sixteen percent of first AFDC spells with no employment lasted 20 or more months.

Table IND 2. Changes in the Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993

  From Light to Heavy Usage From Heavy to Light Usage
All Recipients 2.9 5.5
     
Racial Categories    
Non-Hispanic White 2.1 7.7
Non-Hispanic Black 2.4 3.6
Hispanic 5.6 2.9
     
Age Categories    
Children Age 0 - 5 5.4 6.2
Children Age 6 - 10 3.3 5.0
Children Age 11 - 15 3.5 4.2
     
Women Age 16 - 64 3.5 5.9
Men Age 16 - 64 1.7 6.3
Adults Age 65 and over 0.3 2.2

Note: Light usage is some receipt up to 25 percent (but greater than 0 percent) of total income from means-tested assistance in a year and heavy usage is greater than 50 percent of total income from means-tested assistance in a year. Means-tested assistance includes AFDC, Food Stamps and SSI. While only affecting a small number of cases, general assistance income is included under AFDC.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1992 panel.