Whereas other indicators (Indicator 1a) illustrate the depth of dependence in a single year, this indicator reflects changes in the level of dependence over two years.
Figure IND 2. Changes in the Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993
- Forty percent of first AFDC spells with no employment lasted a total of 1 to 3 months.
- Over two-thirds (70 percent) of first AFDC spells with no employment ended within a year.
- Sixteen percent of first AFDC spells with no employment lasted 20 or more months.
Table IND 2. Changes in the Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993
|From Light to Heavy Usage||From Heavy to Light Usage|
|Children Age 0 - 5||5.4||6.2|
|Children Age 6 - 10||3.3||5.0|
|Children Age 11 - 15||3.5||4.2|
|Women Age 16 - 64||3.5||5.9|
|Men Age 16 - 64||1.7||6.3|
|Adults Age 65 and over||0.3||2.2|
Note: Light usage is some receipt up to 25 percent (but greater than 0 percent) of total income from means-tested assistance in a year and heavy usage is greater than 50 percent of total income from means-tested assistance in a year. Means-tested assistance includes AFDC, Food Stamps and SSI. While only affecting a small number of cases, general assistance income is included under AFDC.
Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1992 panel.