Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 12. Intergenerational Dependence

10/01/1997

Another key aspect of dependence is the extent to which parental receipt of means-tested assistance is associated with receipt by their children when the children become adults.

Figure IND 12a. Percent of Females who did NOT Receive AFDC or Food Stamps Between the Ages of 14 and 16 but Received Benefits Between the Ages of 25 and 27

Figure IND 12a. Percent of Females who did NOT Receive AFDC or Food Stamps Between the Ages of 14 and 16 but Received Benefits Between the Ages of 25 and 27

 

Figure IND 12b. Percent of Females Received AFDC or Food Stamps ALL THREE YEARS Between the Ages of 14 and 16 who also Received Benefits Between the Ages of 25 and 27

Figure IND 12b. Percent of Females Received AFDC or Food Stamps ALL THREE YEARS Between the Ages of 14 and 16 who also Received Benefits Between the Ages of 25 and 27

  • These figures show the percent of women who did or did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps (any amount for any month within each year) as children age 14 to 16 and who later received AFDC or Food Stamps as adults age 25 to 27 for one or three years.
  • Children who received AFDC or Food Stamps were more likely to receive as an adult than children who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps. Children who received AFDC or Food Stamps also were more likely to receive AFDC or Food Stamps for one rather than three years as an adult.
  • A smaller percentage of children born between 1960 - 1964 who received AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16, received AFDC or Food Stamps as adults compared to children born between 1954 - 1959.
  • Table IND 12 shows that smaller percentages of male than female children who received AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16 also received AFDC or Food Stamps as adults for both birth-year cohorts.

Table IND 12. Association of Benefit Receipt Between Parents and their Sons and Daughters

  Birth Year: Females Birth Year: Males
1954 - 1959 1960 - 1964 1954 - 1959 1960 - 1964
Percent who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in all 3 years from age 25 to 27. 5.0 5.2 2.5 2.3
Percent who did notreceive AFDC or Food Stampsbetween the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in at least 1 year from age 25 to 27. 17.2 10.0 12.2 8.5
Percent who received AFDC or Food Stamps for all 3 years between the ages of 14 and 16who also received AFDC or Food Stamps in all 3 years from age 25 to 27. 35.7 30.8 13.8 13.5
Percent who received AFDC or Food Stamps for all 3 years between the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in at least 1 year from age 25 to 27. 68.4 61.3 40.8 31.8

Note: Receipt of AFDC or Food Stamps in a year refers to any amount at any point during the year.

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1968 - 1992.