Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Indicator 11. Means-tested Assistance Program Transition Rates

10/01/1997

This indicator shows how many people have moved onto means-tested assistance programs and how many recipients have moved off means-tested assistance programs over time.

Figure IND 11. Percent of Non-Recipients Moving onto Assistance and Percent of Recipients Moving off Assistance from 1992 to 1993

Figure IND 11. Percent of Non-Recipients Moving onto Assistance and Percent of Recipients Moving off Assistance from 1992 to 1993

  • Figure IND 11 shows the percentage of non-recipients that moved onto assistance. It also shows the percentage of recipients that transferred off assistance. Because there are many more non-recipients than recipients, it is not surprising that transition rates off assistance are significantly higher than those moving onto assistance.
  • More AFDC recipients moved off the program than recipients of Food Stamps or SSI. One would expect SSI to have a lower transition rate than the other programs because the program is designed in part to provide longer-term assistance to the elderly.
  • More non-recipients moved onto Food Stamps than any other program.

Table IND 11. Percent of Non-Recipients Moving onto Means-Tested Assistance and Percent of Recipients Moving off Means-Tested Assistance from 1992 to 1993

  Percentage of Recipients Moving off Assistance Percent of the Total Population Moving onto Assistance
AFDC to Non-AFDC FS to Non-FS SSI to Non-SSI Non-AFDC to AFDC Non-FS toFS Non-SSI toSSI
All Persons 17.7 16.0 8.9 1.0 2.1 0.3
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 21.8 21.3 11.0 0.6 1.5 0.3
Non-Hispanic Black 13.0 10.2 6.4 3.0 4.9 0.6
Hispanic 19.8 13.9 4.7 2.7 5.3 0.6
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 14.9 11.2 0.0 2.8 4.3 0.0
Children Age 6 - 10 14.6 13.3 0.0 1.8 3.1 0.0
Children Age 11 - 15 18.0 15.4 0.0 1.8 3.2 0.1
Women Age 16 - 64 17.4 17.3 11.6 1.3 2.2 0.6
Men Age 16 - 64 33.6 24.0 10.0 0.3 1.5 0.2
Adults Age 65 and over 17.8 6.4 5.0 0.0 0.6 0.4

Note: Receipt is measured by at least one month of receipt in a given year and non-receipt is measured as no months of receipt in a given year.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1992 panel.

  • As shown in Table IND 11, a slightly larger percentage of female recipients than male recipients moved off SSI. In contrast to the SSI program, much smaller percentages of female recipients than male recipients moved off the AFDC program and the Food Stamp program.
  • Table IND 11 shows that a larger percentage of non-Hispanic white recipients moved off assistance than other racial groups receiving assistance. Similarly, non-Hispanic white non-recipients were less likely to move onto assistance than non-recipients of other racial groups.