Not all eligible households participate in means-tested programs. This indicator reflects "take- up rates" - the number of families that actually participate in the program as a percent of those who are eligible.
Figure IND 10a. AFDC Caseload as a Percent of Eligible Families
- The percentage of all eligible families who participated in AFDC declined 3 percentage points (from 80 percent to 77 percent) between 1981 and 1987. Between 1987 and 1989, the percentage of eligible families participating in AFDC increased substantially, from 77 percent to 84 percent. After reaching a peak of 86 percent in 1992, the percentage declined in 1993 and remained stable in 1994.
Table IND 10a. AFDC Caseload as a Percent of Eligible Families
Source: Number of eligibles estimated by the Urban Institute using TRIM model simulations. Caseload based on data from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Figure IND 10b. Food Stamp Households as a Percent of Eligible Households
- In all years, larger percentages of children in eligible households received Food Stamps compared to other age groups, and smaller percentages of the elderly in eligible households received Food Stamps compared to other adults and children.
- For disabled persons under age 60, the percentage in eligible households who received Food Stamps increased substantially between 1985 and 1994, from 47 percent in 1985 to 71 percent in 1994.
Table IND 10b. Food Stamp Households as a Percent of Eligible Households
Adults 18 - 59
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Service, Trends in Food Stamp Program Participation Rates, various years.
Figure IND 10c. SSI Adult Recipients of Eligible Adults
- For all adults, the percentage of those eligible who received SSI remained constant between 1993 and 1994 (63 percent) and increased substantially in 1995 (from 63 percent to 70 percent).
- For all adults in 1995, a larger percentage of eligible disabled adults in one-person units participated in the SSI program (74 percent) compared to both eligible aged adults in one-person units (65 percent) and adults in married-couple units (52 percent).
Table IND 10c. SSI Adult Recipients by Type as a Percent of Eligible Group
|One-Person Units - Aged||NA||NA||65|
|One-Person Units - Disabled||NA||NA||74|
Note: The figure for married-couple units is based on very small sample sizes-married couple units were only about 5 percent of the adult units in the average month of 1995.
Source: Number of eligibles estimated by the Urban Institute using TRIM model simulations.