Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Employment and Work-Related Risk Factor 6. Children's Health Conditions

10/01/1997

Table WORK 6. Selected Chronic Health Conditions per 1,000 Children Age 0 to 17, 1984 - 1994

  1984 1987 1990 1992 1993 1994
Respiratory Conditions
Chronic Bronchitis 50 62 53 54 59 55
Chronic Sinusitis 47 58 57 69 80 65
Asthma 43 53 58 63 72 69
Chronic Diseases of Tonsils or Adenoids 34 30 23 28 26 23
Impairments
Deformity or Orthopedic Impairment 35 36 29 33 29 28
Speech Impairment 16 19 14 21 20 21
Hearing Impairment 24 16 21 15 17 18
Visual Impairment 9 10 9 10 7 9
Other Conditions
Heart Disease 23 22 29 29 20 18
Anemia 11 8 10 11 9 12
Epilepsy 7 4 4 3 5 5

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth: 1997. Table HC 2.4.

  • Respiratory conditions were the most prevalent chronic health conditions experienced by children age 0 to 17 throughout the time period, especially asthma. In 1994, 69 children per thousand had asthma. This is up from 43 children per thousand in 1984.
  • Fewer children age 0 to 17 had a visual impairment compared to other impairments in each year.
  • In 1994, 18 children per thousand had heart disease. This is down from 29 children per thousand in 1990 and 1992.