Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

10/01/1997

This risk factor focuses exclusively on the participation of an adult in the labor market, without regard to whether means-tested assistance was received concurrently. Measuring labor force attachment reflects a critical aspect of the risk of dependence.

Figure WORK 1. Percent of All Individual in Families with One or More Workers, 1993

Figure WORK 1. Percent of All Individual in Families with One or More Workers, 1993

  • Most individuals, regardless of race, lived in families with at least one person working full-time.
  • Non-Hispanic blacks were more likely than Hispanics or non-Hispanic whites to live in families where no one was in the labor force. Non-Hispanic blacks were more likely than those in other racial groups to live in families in which there were no full-time workers.
  • As shown in Table WORK 1, younger children were slightly more likely than older children to live in families with no one in the labor force.
  • Table WORK 1 shows that working-age women were more likely than working-age men to live in families with no one in the labor force, and slightly more likely to live in families where the all labor force participants worked less than full-time.

Table WORK 1. Percent of All Individuals in Families with One or More Workers, 1993

  No One in Labor Force At Least One Person in the Labor Force (no one full-time) At Least One Full-Time Person in the Labor force
All Persons 16.3 9.5 74.2
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 15.9 8.5 75.5
Non-Hispanic Black 21.6 14 64.4
Hispanic 15.1 11.6 73.3
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 11.3 9.5 79.2
Children Age 6 - 10 10.2 9.2 80.6
Children Age 11 - 15 8.6 10 81.4
 
Women Age 16 - 64 10.2 9.7 80.1
Men Age 16 - 64 6.2 8.7 85.1

Note: Full-time labor force participants are defined as those who usually work 35 or more hours per week.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993.