The length of a poverty episode illustrates one aspect of the risk of dependence.
Figure ECON 3. Percent of Individuals in Poverty by Spell Length, 1992 SIPP Panel
- Forty-four percent of children age 0 to 15 experienced short poverty spells of less than 4 months and three-quarters of children age 0 to 15 experienced poverty spells of less than one year.
- As shown in Table ECON 3, compared to non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics have larger percentages of poverty spells that lasted 20 or more months (19 percent) and lower percentages of poverty spells that lasted less than 4 months (around 40 percent).
- Table ECON 3 shows that adults age 65 and over had longer poverty spells than did other age groups; 35 percent had poverty spells that lasted 20 or more months.
- As shown in Table ECON 3, a smaller percentage of men than women experienced poverty spells lasting 20 or more months.
Table ECON 3. Percent of Individuals in Poverty by Spell Length, 1992 SIPP Panel
|Children Age 0 - 15||44.1||74.6||85.3||14.7|
|Women Age 16 - 64||45.0||74.9||83.9||16.1|
|Men Age 16 - 64||48.2||80.2||88.4||11.6|
|Adults Age 65 and over||42.2||60.6||65.1||34.9|
Note: Spell length categories are not mutually exclusive. Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells. Due to the length of the observation period, actual spell lengths for spells that lasted more than 20 months cannot be observed.
Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1992 panel.