Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Economic Security Risk Factor 13. Adult Incarceration

10/01/1997

This risk factor tracks trends in the extent to which adults are living apart from their children because they are incarcerated. An incarcerated parent leaves his/her family at increased risk of dependence.

Figure ECON 13. Estimated Number of Sentenced Male Prisoners Under State or Federal Jurisdiction per 100,000 Resident Population

Figure ECON 13. Estimated Number of Sentenced Male Prisoners Under State or Federal Jurisdiction per 100,000 Resident Population

 

  • The number of black men incarcerated per 100,000 population increased 167 percent from 1981 to 1995, while the number of white men incarcerated increased 148 percent in the same period.
  • Table ECON 13 shows that the number of women incarcerated, while still very small relative to men, rose 300 percent from 1981 to 1995, with white female incarceration increasing 314 percent and black female incarceration increasing 256 percent.
  • Table ECON 13 also shows that black men and black women were more likely to be incarcerated than white men and white women in 1995.

Table ECON 13. Estimated Number of Sentenced Prisoners Under State or Federal Jurisdiction per 100,000 Resident Population

  Total Men and Women All Men White Men Black Men All Women White Women Black Women
1981 154 304 186 1217 12 7 50
1983 179 354 217 1412 15 9 58
1985 202 397 246 1559 17 10 68
1987 231 453 277 1800 22 13 82
1989 276 535 317 2200 29 17 115
1991 313 606 352 2523 34 19 135
1993 359 698 398 2920 41 23 165
1995 411 796 461 3250 48 29 178

Note: Sentenced prisoners are those with a sentence of more than 1 year. Rates are based on U.S. resident population on July 1 of each year.

Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Correctional Populations in the United States, 1993.