Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Economic Security Risk Factor 1. Poverty Rates

10/01/1997

Poverty rates illustrate the economic condition of families and, as such, a key risk factor of dependence.

Figure ECON 1. Percent in Poverty

Figure ECON 1. Percent in Poverty

 

  • The percentage of people living below the poverty line increased between 1990 and 1992 but remained stable from 1992 to 1993.
  • The percentages of children living in poverty increased for all age groups between 1990 and 1993, most notably for children age 0 to 5. In contrast, Table ECON 1 shows that the percentage of adults age 65 and over in poverty decreased over the same time period.
  • Table ECON 1 also shows that in 1993 approximately 32 percent of non-Hispanic blacks lived below the poverty level. By comparison, approximately 29 percent of Hispanics lived below the poverty line in 1993 and 10 percent of non-Hispanic whites were poor in both years.

Table ECON 1. Percent in Poverty

  1990 1991 1992 1993
All Persons 12.9 13.6 14.5 14.6
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 8.8 9.2 9.9 9.9
Non-Hispanic Black 30.1 30.6 30.8 31.6
Hispanic 26.1 28.3 29.5 29.0
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 23.0 24.4 25.7 26.2
Children Age 6 - 10 20.8 21.3 21.4 21.6
Children Age 11 - 15 17.6 18.9 19.9 20.1
Women Age 16 - 64 12.7 13.2 14.3 14.2
Men Age 16 - 64 8.5 9.4 10.4 10.3
Adults Age 65 and over 9.7 10.2 9.4 9.2

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1990 and 1992 panels.