Indicators of Welfare Dependence: 2008 Research Brief. Welfare Caseloads

12/20/2008

The percentage of individuals receiving AFDC/TANF cash assistance fell from 4.6 percent in 1996 to 1.6 percent in 2006 as shown in Figure 2.  Food stamp receipt fell from 9.5 percent in 1996 to 6.1 percent in 2000 and 2001.  Since 2001, food stamp receipt has increased to 8.9 percent in 2006.  This increase in food stamp recipiency may explain the modest increase in overall dependency since 2000.  There have been fewer fluctuations in the rate of receipt of SSI.  In 1996 the rate was 2.4 percent and in 2006 the rate was 2.4 percent.

Figure 2.
Percentage of Total Population Receiving Food Stamps, TANF, or SSI:  1980-2006

Figure 2

Source:  The Department of Health and Human Services, the Administration for Children and Families,
the Office of Family Assistance, and the U.S. Census Bureau.

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