Indicators of Welfare Dependence: 2005 Research Brief. Conclusion


This brief has highlighted key findings on welfare dependence. A copy of the full report, Indicators of Welfare Dependence (2005), with these and many other indicators and risk factors of dependency, can be found at



1.  While TRIM-adjusted CPS data for 2003 are not yet available, estimates from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, as well as non-adjusted estimates from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the CPS, indicate a slight increase in the level of dependence between 2002 and 2003.


Michael J. O’Grady, Ph.D.
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Barbara B. Broman
Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Services Policy

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