Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Positive parent-adolescent relationships

08/01/2004

Overall, in 1999, the majority of adolescents reported positive relationships with their resident parents (more than 60 percent). Positive relationships between adolescents and their parents, both mothers and fathers, were more common when both resident parents were the biological parents of the child than when there was a single biological parent or one biological and one nonbiological parent. Note that for single parents, relationships are measured among a different group of children for the mother than for the father. For these families, differences in outcomes between mothers and fathers could be due to characteristics of the parents, or characteristics of the children that live with them. Also note that for biological/other parent families, a greater share of biological parents are mothers and a greater share of other parents are fathers.

Percentage of adolescents with a positive relationship with their resident parent,
by family structure: 1999

Percentage of adolescents with a positive relationship with their resident parent, by family structure: 1999. See text for explanation.

Note: For this indicator, a positive parent-adolescent relationship is based on a youth-reported scale of parental behaviors toward the youth (e.g., praising, helping, criticizing, or blaming the youth; canceling plans with the youth). Adolescents are reporting on parents and parent figures who live with the adolescent.
Source: Child Trends' analyses of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth - 1997, Rounds 1 and 3.

  Mother Father
Table 5b.
Percentage of adolescents with positivea relationships with their resident parent,
by selected characteristics: 1999
Total 67.6 63.5
Race and Hispanic Origin(b)
  White, non-Hispanic 69.3 65.0
  Black, non-Hispanic 68.0 55.6
  Hispanic 61.9 60.8
  Other 56.3 63.5
Family Structure
  Two biological parents 71.5 65.9
  Two parents (biological and other)(c) 62.6 54.0
  One biological parent 61.8 59.6
Parent's Highest Level of Education(d)
  Less than high school degree 61.7 60.2
  High school degree 65.8 58.6
  Some college 67.3 64.5
  College graduate 71.6 67.3
a. A positive relationship is measured as a score of 15 or greater on a parental supportiveness scale of 20. This score corresponds roughly to a response of "usually" on questions about parents praising and helping the adolescent, and "almost never" to questions about parents criticizing, blaming, or canceling plans with the adolescent.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c. This includes families with one biological parent and one nonbiological parent figure in the household. This resident nonbiological parent figure can be a step-parent, adoptive parent, foster parent, spouse or romantic partner of the biological parent, or a relative or other adult who is "like a parent" to the respondent. A greater share of biological parents are mothers and a greater share of other parents are fathers.
d. In two-parent households, "parental education" refers to the highest level of education attained between the two resident parents/parent figures.
Note: Analyses are based on a universe of adolescents aged 12-14, who lived with a mother or mother figure, or father or father figure in 1999. For single parents, relationships are measured among a different group of children for the mother than for the father. For these families, differences in outcomes between mothers and fathers could be due to characteristics of the parents, or characteristics of the children that live with them.
Source: Child Trends' analyses of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth - 1997, Rounds 1 and 3.

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"chartbook.pdf" (pdf, 1.25Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®