Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Patterns of child care

08/01/2004

In 2001, thirty-nine percent of children from birth through age 6 were cared for solely by a parent, while 61 percent participated in some sort of nonparental care. Children under 3 years of age were more likely to be in parental care only than children ages 3 to 6 years (48 percent compared to 26 percent). The type of care arrangement chosen also is related to the child's age. While similar percentages of 0-2 year olds and 3-6 year olds were cared for in a home by a relative (23 and 22 percent, respectively) or a nonrelative (18 and 14 percent, respectively), much higher percentages of 3-6 than 0-2 year olds participated in center-based programs (56 percent compared with 17 percent).

Percentage of children from birth through age 6, not yet in kindergarten,
by type of care arrangement and age group: 2001

Percentage of children from birth through age 6, not yet in kindergarten, by type of care arrangement and age group: 2001. See text for explanation.

Note: Some children participate in more than one type of arrangement, so the sum of all arrangement types exceeds the total percentage in nonparental care.
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program, 2001. As reported in Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2003). America's children: Key national indicators of well-being, 2003. Washington, DC: Author.

Table 12.
Percentage of children from birth through age 6, not yet in kindergarten,
by type of care arrangement, by selected characteristics: 2001
  Parental care only Total in nonparental care(a) Care in a home(b) Center-based program(c)
By a relative By a nonrelative
Total 39 61 23 16 34
Age/Grade in School
  0-2 48 52 23 18 17
  3-6, not yet in kindergarten 26 74 22 14 56
Poverty Status
  Below poverty 46 54 26 10 27
  At or above poverty 37 63 22 18 35
Mother's Highest Level of Education (d)
  Less than high school 56 44 21 9 21
  High school graduate or equivalent 43 58 26 14 28
  Some college(e) 37 64 25 16 36
  College graduate 32 69 17 23 42
a. Some children participate in more than one type of nonparental care arrangement. Thus, detailed percentages do not sum to the total percentage of children in nonparental care.
b. Relative and nonrelative care can take place in either the child's own home or another home.
c. Center-based programs include day care centers, prekindergartens, nursery schools, Head Start programs, and other early childhood education programs.
d. Those few children without a mother in the home are excluded from estimates of mother's highest level of education.
e. Some college includes vocational or technical school after high school, as well as college attendance.
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program, 2001. As reported in Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2003). America's children: Key national indicators of well-being, 2003. Washington, DC: Author.

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