The majority of parents with children under the age of 13 demonstrate some expression of warmth and affection to their child daily, such as hugging or showing them physical affection, telling them that they love them, and telling them that they appreciate something that they did. Mothers are more likely than fathers to report showing their children warmth and affection. For example, in 1997, eighty-five percent of mothers told their child that they love him/her, compared with 62 percent of fathers. These displays of warmth by both mothers and fathers decreased as children got older for all three behaviors.
Percentage of parents of children under age 13 who expressed various forms of warmth and affection to their child every day in the past month, by parent gender: 1997
Source: Estimates supplied by Sandra Hofferth, University of Maryland, based on data from the 1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics - Child Development Supplement. As reported in Child Trends. (2002). Charting parenthood: A statistical portrait of fathers and mothers in America. Washington, DC: Author.
|Hugged or showed physical affection to their child||Told their child that they love him/her||Told their child that they appreciated something he or she did|
|Race and Hispanic Origin (a)|
|Poor (0 to 99% poverty)||78||67||80||63||55||44|
|Extreme poverty (at 50% or less)||78||58||80||60||49||47|
|100% to 199% of poverty||88||74||85||60||58||43|
|200% to 299% of poverty||86||73||86||58||53||32|
|300% or more of poverty||93||74||88||64||55||34|
|Age of Child|
|a. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Source: Estimates provided by Sandra Hofferth, University of Maryland, based on data from the 1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics - Child Development Supplement. As reported in Child Trends. (2002). Charting parenthood: A statistical portrait of fathers and mothers in America. Washington, DC: Author.