Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Parental involvement in school

08/01/2004

In 1999, ninety-two percent of students had parents who were involved in at least one of four types of activities in their children's school: attending general meetings, attending scheduled meetings with a teacher, attending a school event, or acting as a volunteer or serving on a committee. The majority of students had parents who attended meetings or events in all three school levels, but only a minority of students in all levels had parents who volunteered or served on a committee. Parents were most likely to attend meetings and events or to volunteer in their child's school when their children were in kindergarten through 5th grade (96 percent), and participation rates were somewhat lower among parents of children in middle school (92 percent) and in high school (83 percent).

Percentage of students in grades K through 12
whose parents reported involvement in their child's school,
by activity type and school level: 1999

Percentage of students in grades K through 12 whose parents reported involvement in their child's school, by activity type and school level: 1999. See text for explanation.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education/Civic Involvement Survey (PFI/CI:1996) and Parent Survey (Parent:1999) of the National Household Education Surveys Program, 1996 & 1999 and the Child Trends Databank. (2003). (www.childtrendsdatabank.org/indicators/39parentalinvolvementinschools.cfm)

Table 13.
Percentage of students in grades K through 12
whose parents report involvement(a) in their child's school,
by selected characteristics: 1996 & 1999
  Attended general meeting Attended scheduled meeting with teacher Attended school event Acted as a volunteer or served on a committee Indicated involvement in any of the four activities
  1996 1999 1996 1999 1996 1999 1996 1999 1996 1999
Total 76.9 78.3 71.8 72.8 66.7 65.4 38.7 36.8 91.7 91.5
Student's Grade
  K-5 83.2 84.6 86.1 87.5 71.7 70.4 48.9 47.6 96.2 96.3
  6-8 77.9 79.6 69.5 70.4 65.7 65.7 30.4 29.1 91.5 92.1
  9-12 65.4 67.3 49.7 51.3 59.1 57.3 28.4 25.6 84.2 83.4
Race and Hispanic Origin(b)
   White, non-Hispanic 79.0 80.5 72.6 73.6 71.6 71.6 44.1 42.7 93.5 93.8
   Black, non-Hispanic 71.6 74.6 68.8 71.1 56.4 53.8 26.9 26.2 86.4 87.0
   Other 73.2 76.6 71.6 73.1 64.2 62.3 35.4 30.6 89.9 90.3
Parents' Highest Level of Education
  Less than high school 57.5 57.3 62.7 59.9 42.2 37.7 16.9 13.0 79.1 75.9
  High school graduate or equivalent 71.5 72.7 69.2 69.7 60.2 58.7 30.1 26.0 89.3 88.4
  Some college(c) 77.9 79.1 72.5 73.7 69.2 66.9 39.2 37.4 92.9 93.1
  College graduate 87.4 87.3 77.4 80.3 76.4 75.6 52.3 49.8 96.8 97.1
  Graduate or professional school 88.5 88.9 76.3 76.0 81.9 78.9 56.7 54.3 97.2 96.8
a. Parental involvement in school is defined as parent participation during the school year in any of the above activities at least once.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c. Some college includes a vocational or technical school after high school, as well as college attendance.
Note: Ungraded students or children who are homeschooled are not included in this analysis; these students accounted for 1.6 percent of the students in grades K-12. Percentages may not sum to 100 because parents can be included in more than one type of involvement.
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education/Civic Involvement Survey (PFI/CI:1996) and Parent Survey (Parent:1999) of the National Household Education Surveys Program, 1996 & 1999 and the Child Trends Databank. (2003). (www.childtrendsdatabank.org/indicators/39parentalinvolvementinschools.cfm)

 

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