Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Parental employment by family structure

08/01/2004

The majority of families with children have at least one parent who is employed. In 2002, forty-four percent of families with children had two employed parents either full- or part-time; 25 percent had one employed and one nonemployed parent; and 3 percent had two nonemployed parents. Twenty-one percent of families with children had one employed single parent and 7 percent had one nonemployed single parent.

The distribution of full-time parental employment activity varies by age of youngest child in the household. Among families with a child under age 6, twenty-eight percent had one full-time working parent and one nonworking parent, but only 21 percent had two full-time working parents in 2002. The opposite was true for families with older children in 2002: only 17 percent had one full-time working parent and one nonworking parent, whereas 29 percent of these families had two full-time working parents.

Distribution of families with children under age 18, by family structure and parental employment: 2002
Distribution of families with children under age 18, by family structure and parental employment: 2002. See text for explanation.

Source: Child Trends' analyses of March 2002 Current Population Survey data.

  Total Youngest child under 6 Youngest child ages 6-17
Table 9.
Distribution of families with children under age 18
by family structure and parental employment,
by age of child: 2002
Total(a) 100.0 100.0 100.0
Two Parents in Household 72.2 74.9 70.2
  Two employed parents 43.8 39.4 47.2
    Both full-time 25.5 21.1 28.8
    One full-time, one part-time 16.4 16.4 16.4
    Both part-time 2.0 1.9 2.0
  One employed parent, one nonemployed parent 25.4 32.0 20.4
    Full-time 21.8 27.7 17.4
    Part-time 3.6 4.3 3.1
  No employed parent 3.0 3.6 2.6
One Parent in Household 27.8 25.1 29.8
  One employed parent 20.8 17.4 23.3
    Full-time 15.8 12.6 18.2
    Part-time 5.0 4.8 5.1
  No employed parent 7.0 7.6 6.5
a. Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.
Note: Estimates of two-parent households include only married couples, and exclude families with unmarried partners. Parents in the armed forces are not considered in the labor force. Among those who were working but not at their jobs the previous week, part-time versus full-time employment was determined using the number of hours that the person usually works each week at his/her main job.
Source: Child Trends' analyses of March 2002 Current Population Survey data.

 

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