Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID)


Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID)
Name: Panel Study of Income Dynamics - Core Survey and Child Development Supplement (CDS)
Funder(s): Original funding agency: Office of Economic Opportunity of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Current major funding source: National Science Foundation. Additional funders: the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the U.S. Department of Labor.
General Description: The PSID emphasizes the dynamic aspects of economic and demographic behavior. The core survey collects data on income sources and amounts, employment, family composition changes, and residential location. The Child Development Supplement provides comprehensive data on children and their families with which to study the dynamic process of early human capital formation. The data collection for the Child Development Supplement includes the following: (1) age-graded assessments of the cognitive, behavioral, and health status of 3,563 children (including about 329 immigrant children), obtained from various adults involved with the child, and the child; (2) parental and caregiver time inputs to children as well as how children and adolescents spend their time; (3) teacher-reported time use in elementary and preschool programs; and (4) measures of other resources, for example, the learning environment in the home, school resources, and decennial-census-based measurement of neighborhood resources.
Design (cross-sectional vs. longitudinal; periodicity; mode of administration): Longitudinal. The data were collected annually from 1968 to 1997, and biennially starting in 1999. The Child Development Supplement (administered in 1997 and 2002-2003) provides data on parents and their 0- to 12-year-old children.
Population: The PSID reports on a representative sample of individuals (men, women, and children) in the U.S. and the family units in which they reside.
Sample Selection and Description: The original sample was based on a probability sample of about 4,800 households, a combination of a cross-section of about 3,000 families selected from the Survey Research Center's master sampling frame and a subsample of about 2,000 families from the Census Bureau's Survey of Economic Opportunity. Because family members, such as children, who form their own households continue in the sample, the sample size has grown from 4,800 families in 1968 to 7,406 families in 2001. If a family has a child age 12 or younger, the entire PSID Household Unit was eligible for the Child Development Supplement. The Supplement had a sample of 2,394 child households and about 3,600 children.
Age of Respondent: 18 to 65 years old
Age of Child: 2 to 17 years old for Family structure change
0 to 13 years old for Parental warmth and affection
0 to 13 years old for Time spent with parents
Indicators: Family structure change
Parental warmth and affection with younger children
Time spent with parents

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