Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. National Household Education Survey Program (NHES)


National Household Education Survey Program (NHES)
Name: National Household Education Survey Program
Funder(s): National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Department of Education
General Description: The National Household Education Survey Program provides information on education-related issues, such as the care arrangements and educational experiences of young children, children's educational activities and the role of the family in the children's learning, and parental involvement in their children's schooling. The NHES is designed to provide comparative data across survey years, repeating topical surveys on a rotating basis. New topics are added as particular issues gain importance.
Design (cross-sectional vs. longitudinal; periodicity; mode of administration): Cross-sectional. The NHES was conducted in 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, and 2003. This random digit-dialed, computer-assisted telephone interview includes all 50 states and the District of Columbia. There are plans to continue the survey periodically in the future.
Population: The NHES is a representative sample of the non-institutionalized civilian population of the U.S.
Sample Selection and Description: In each survey, between 54,000 and 64,000 households are screened to identify eligible respondents for one of the topics. One or more household members may be selected to complete more extensive interviews on specific topics. In general, two topical surveys are conducted in each administration and 5,000 to 25,000 interviews are completed for each survey. The NHES design over-samples minorities for reliable estimates for these groups. Approximately 8,000 youth in grades 6 through 12 were interviewed for the Youth Civic Involvement Survey in 1996 and another 8,000 for the Youth Survey in 1999. The sample sizes for the parent interview varied by year: in 1996, more than 20,000 parents of children age 3 up through 12th grade responded and in 1999, more than 24,000 parents of children from newborns up through 12th grade responded. In 2001, almost 7,000 parents were interviewed for the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey.
Unit of Analysis: Adults, parents, or youth depending on the survey administered.
Age of Respondent: Depending on the survey administered, respondents are either adults 18 to 65 years old, parents of any age, or youth in grades 6 through 12.
Age of Child: For the parent interviews, in 1996, questions were asked about children 3 years old up through 12th grade; in 1999, questions were asked about newborn children up through 12th grade, and, in 2001, questions were asked about children 0-6, not yet in kindergarten and children enrolled in kindergarten through 8th grade (in this report child care is reported only for children 0-6, not yet in kindergarten). The 1996 and 1999 youth surveys asked youth in grades 6-12 about themselves.
Indicators: Patterns of child care
Parental involvement in school
Student participation in community service

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