Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Births to unmarried teens

08/01/2004

Birth rates among unmarried teens rose from 27.6 in 1980 to 45.8 in 1994, and have since declined to 35.4 in 2002. Among unmarried females ages 15 to 17 the birth rate increased from 20.6 in 1980 to 31.7 in 1994, and then declined to back to 1980 levels to 20.8 by 2002. Among unmarried young women ages 18 and 19, the birth rate increased from 39.0 in 1980 to 69.7 in 1994, and then declined to 58.6 by 2002. Hispanic and black unmarried teens have had consistently higher birth rates than non-Hispanic whites, although the rates for all races have declined in recent years, particularly among blacks. Nevertheless, the unmarried teen birth rate for Hispanics ages 15-17 was 43.3 in 2002 and for blacks it was 39.9, compared with 11.5 for white, non-Hispanic teens of that age group. Among unmarried teens ages 18 to 19, the birth rate was 105.3 for Hispanic women, 104.1 for black women, and 38.8 for white, non-Hispanic women in 2002.

Births per 1,000 unmarried teens within age groups: 1960-2001
line chart

Source: National Center for Health Statistics. (2000). Nonmarital childbearing in the United States, 1940-1999. National Vital Statistics Reports, 48(16); and National Center for Health Statistics. (2003). Births: Final data for 2001. National Vital Statistics Reports, 51(2).

LD

Table 4.
Births per 1,000 unmarried teen women within age groups, by race: 1980-2002(a,b)
  Total Ages 15-19 Ages 15-17 Ages 18-19
All races All races Black White White,non-Hispanic(c) Hispanic(c,d) All races Black White White,non-Hispanic(c) Hispanic(c,d)
1980 27.6 20.6 68.8 12.0 - - 39.0 118.2 24.1 - -
1981 27.9 20.9 65.9 12.6 - - 39.0 114.2 24.6 - -
1982 28.7 21.5 66.3 13.1 - - 39.6 112.7 25.3 - -
1983 29.5 22.0 66.8 13.6 - - 40.7 111.9 26.4 - -
1984 30.0 21.9 66.5 13.7 - - 42.5 113.6 27.9 - -
1985 31.4 22.4 66.8 14.5 - - 45.9 117.9 31.2 - -
1986 32.3 22.8 67.0 14.9 - - 48.0 121.1 33.5 - -
1987 33.8 24.5 69.9 16.2 - - 48.9 123.0 34.5 - -
1988 36.4 26.4 73.5 17.6 - - 51.5 130.5 36.8 - -
1989 40.1 28.7 78.9 19.3 - - 56.0 140.9 40.2 - -
1990 42.5 29.6 78.8 20.4 16.2 45.9 60.7 143.7 44.9 37.0 98.9
1991 44.6 30.8 79.9 21.7 - 49.5 65.4 147.6 49.4 - 107.4
1992 44.2 30.2 77.3 21.5 - 49.2 66.7 146.2 51.1 - 106.6
1993 44.0 30.3 76.0 21.9 - 49.5 66.1 139.7 51.9 - 109.1
1994 45.8 31.7 74.0 23.9 18.0 55.5 69.7 139.2 55.7 44.9 116.0
1995 43.8 30.1 67.5 23.3 17.6 52.5 66.5 128.7 54.6 44.4 109.6
1996 42.2 28.5 62.8 22.3 16.9 49.6 64.9 126.8 53.4 43.8 102.7
1997 41.4 27.7 59.2 22.0 16.2 50.5 63.9 124.5 52.8 43.1 100.9
1998 40.9 26.5 55.2 21.5 15.6 49.7 63.7 121.0 53.0 42.9 101.4
1999 39.7 25.0 50.1 20.7 14.6 48.6 62.4 115.3 52.8 42.5 100.1
2000 39.0 23.9 48.3 19.7 13.6 47.0 62.2 115.0 53.1 42.1 102.2
2001 37.0 22.0 43.8 18.1 12.1 44.2 60.6 110.2 52.1 40.3 104.3
2002 35.4 20.8 39.9 17.5 11.5 43.0 58.6 104.1 51.0 38.8 105.3
- Not available
a. Data for States in which marital status was not reported have been inferred and included with data from the remaining States.
b. Data for 1980 through 1984 are based on 100 percent of births in selected States and on a 50-percent sample of births in all other States.
c. Rates for 1990 based on data for 48 States and the District of Columbia that reported Hispanic origin on the birth certificate.
d. Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.
Source: National Center for Health Statistics. (2003). Births: Final data for 2002. National Vital Statistics Reports, 52(10).

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