INDEPENDENT CHOICES: A National Symposium on Consumer-Direction and Self-Determination for the Elderly and Persons with Disabilities. Cash and Counseling: Consumer's Early Experiences in Arkansas

Leslie Foster, Randall Brown, Barbara Carlson, Barbara Phillips and Jennifer Schore
October 2000


This paper describes the experiences of 194 early clients in the Arkansas Cash and Counseling Demonstration, IndependentChoices. The description is based on the clients’ responses to a telephone survey conducted about nine months after they applied to enter the program and were randomly assigned to the demonstration’s treatment group to receive a monthly cash allowance. After briefly describing the Arkansas project, data and methods used, and client characteristics, this paper discusses client outcomes in four areas: (1) program participation; (2) uses of services, goods, and cash; (3) hiring of caregivers and revision of cash expenditure plans; and (4) satisfaction.

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