Improving Employment Outcomes for People with Psychiatric Disorders and Other Disabilities. B. Supported Employment


SE is a strategy for helping people with disabilities participate in the labor market, in a job of their choosing, with professional support (Bond et al. 2001). The term "evidence-based SE" has been coined to refer specifically to the types of SE services that adhere to the full set of specific evidence-based principles, including: (1) a focus on obtaining competitive employment in the community; (2) rapid job search; (3) integration of mental health and employment services; (4) emphasis on client preferences during the job search; (5) ongoing, time-unlimited individualized support after job placement; and (6) personalized benefits counseling (Bond 2004, 2008; Twamley et al. 2003).1

After learning that SE services were not widely available despite evidence of the model's effectiveness, the Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center worked with Johnson & Johnson to form a public/private partnership to train state staffs and provide technical assistance to help states implement and expand the standardized form of evidence-based SE. The collaborative seeks to overcome a common challenge--disparate organizational structures and funding streams between mental health and vocational rehabilitation (VR) systems--that make it difficult to implement IPS (Drake et al. 2006). By January 2013, the program had expanded to 12 states, the District of Columbia, and Alameda County, California. From July 2012 through September 2012, 10,474 people received IPS services from the participating states, and 41 percent of them worked in competitive jobs.2

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