Improving Employment Outcomes for People with Psychiatric Disorders and Other Disabilities. APPENDIX D: Supplemental Tables for Pre-Application Work Activity and Program Participation of SSDI Applicants and At-Risk Group Members

04/01/2014

TABLE D.1. Employment and Income Characteristics of SSDI Applicants
    37-42 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  31-36 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  25-30 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  19-24 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  13-18 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  7-12 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
  1-6 Months  
Before SSDI
Application
All
  Individuals  
Ages 25-55
Labor force participation
   Any employment 88.5% 87.5% 83.6% 81.0% 79.0% 76.7%* 66.4%** 84.0%
   Without a job/not looking for work 17.9% 20.2% 23.4% 24.9% 29.1% 34.6%* 54.1%** 16.7%
Monthly income (mean)
   Individual earned income $1,887 $1,865 $1,656 $1,531 $1,507 $1,356 * $944** $2,727
   Individual earned income of those with earnings $2,364 $2,309 $2,204 $2,080 $2,151 $2,082 $1,941 $3,399
   Individual total income $2,068 $2,071 $1,860 $1,766 $1,767 $1,699 $1,396* $2,892
   Household total income $3,923 $4,351 $4,047 $3,889 $3,776 $3,637 $3,359 $5,783
Households under the FPL 24.0% 22.4% 25.8% 25.9% 29.1% 33.0% 40.4%* 13.4%
Unweighted Sample Size 204 376 626 856 1,045 1,202 1,335 127,972
Unweighted Sample Size (for individual earned income of those with earnings) 183 323 515 689 822 904 841 104,834
Weighted Sample Size (per panel) 173,487 322,895 556,766 762,919 939,560 1,094,278 1,219,322 121,410,365
SOURCE: 1996, 2001, and 2004 SIPP Panels matched to SSA administrative data.
NOTES: Table shows employment and income characteristics of SSDI applicants in 6 month intervals before they applied for benefits. Income statistics adjusted to 2004 dollars using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. The statistics for "individuals ages 25-55" are for individuals ages 25-55 in wave 1 of each panel, regardless of disability, SSDI, or at-risk group status. Statistics for each six month period were compared to the 37-42 month period using t-tests.

* p<0.05
** p<0.01

 

TABLE D.2. Sample Sizes of SSDI Applicants and Non-Applicants by At-Risk Group
At-Risk Group 1-6
  Months  
7-12
  Months  
13-18
  Months  
19-24
  Months  
25-30
  Months  
31-36
  Months  
Sample Sizes of Those Who Eventually Applied for SSDI Benefits
High health expenditures 243 226 177 132 100 98
Private disability insurance 144 107 87 ND ND ND
Job training 112 108 105 79 50 52
Unemployment insurance 66 ND ND ND ND ND
At risk of unemployment insurance 108 105 106 105 80 ND
Veterans 158 141 136 118 103 55
Workers compensation 139 110 96 52 ND ND
Sample Sizes of Those Who Did Not Apply for SSDI Benefits
High health expenditures 3,882 3,717 2,945 2,429 1,512 1,482
Private disability insurance 518 355 287 167 105 52
Job training 1,091 1,043 974 783 465 459
Unemployment insurance 386 304 240 159 96 63
At risk of unemployment insurance 602 592 593 589 457 232
Veterans 942 816 793 697 582 187
Workers compensation 863 597 503 301 238 136
Weighted Sample Sizes of Those Who Eventually Applied for SSDI Benefits
High health expenditures 220,372 205,284 163,849 131,911 90,020 88,121
Private disability insurance 137,694 100,836 82,093 48,125 28,477 16,938
Job training 104,142 100,333 98,564 74,429 46,830 48,070
Unemployment insurance 59,211 41,995 37,201 23,801 12,562 ---
At risk of unemployment insurance 99,095 97,045 97,562 96,487 73,686 40,801
Veterans 147,701 133,957 126,294 108,698 94,048 47,158
Workers compensation 134,044 105,919 93,904 50,214 41,047 18,887
Weighted Sample Sizes of Those Who Did Not Apply for SSDI Benefits
High health expenditures 3,652,961 3,512,435 2,804,660 2,396,035 1,410,873 1,379,665
Private disability insurance 489,434 334,756 269,773 157,516 98,966 48,391
Job training 1,008,617 966,632 906,395 727,057 433,145 429,627
Unemployment insurance 362,740 287,047 221,496 149,390 91,058 60,456
At risk of unemployment insurance 572,114 561,501 562,782 558,806 441,362 209,691
Veterans 871,554 754,836 733,463 643,983 535,054 174,820
Workers compensation 813,651 554,886 466,114 276,535 220,885 124,335
SOURCE: 1996, 2001, and 2004 SIPP Panels matched to SSA administrative data.
NOTES: Table shows number and weighted number of at-risk group members across all three panels at six month intervals after they were identified in the at risk group. ND=no data (sample size less than 50 across all three panels).

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