The Importance of Quality Implementation for Research, Practice, and Policy. Who is Responsible for Quality Implementation?


The finding that at least 23 factors may affect implementation and that the implementation process involves 14 steps can seem overwhelming to those who want to conduct a new program. However, it is important to keep two important points in mind:

1.      There are many examples of well-implemented programs. Success is possible.

2.      Implementation is a mutual responsibility shared by several groups (Wandersman, et al. 2008). Solving the challenge of quality implementation requires the active collaboration of four major groups of stakeholders: researchers/program developers (or others who provide technical assistance), local practitioners, funders, and local administrators.

The chances for quality implementation are enhanced when multiple stakeholders work collaboratively and approach implementation in a careful, systematic fashion over time. See Figure 1.


Figure 1. Collaboration Among Multiple Stakeholders Leads to Quality Implementation

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