Implementation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program. C. Objectives and Design of the WtW Evaluation


The design of the evaluation includes four main components:(3)

  • A Descriptive Assessment of All WtW Grantees, based on two surveys of all WtW grantees nationwide to document the planning phase and early program operations.(4)
  • Process and Implementation Analysis, based on exploratory visits to 22 local WtW-grant funded programs, and more detailed analysis of programs in eleven study sites.(5)
  • Program Cost Analysis in nine of the eleven study sites, documenting the total program costs and participant costs by service category and grantee site.
  • Participant Outcomes Analysis in nine of the eleven study sites, based on analysis of longitudinal data on samples of individuals in programs, integrating information from two follow-up surveys with administrative data on welfare receipt, employment, and earnings.

Focus groups with individual participants were also conducted in all 11 study sites and insights from those sessions contribute to all four components of the core evaluation. Forthcoming reports will present comprehensive findings from the cost analysis and the outcomes analysis, both of which utilize some information from the process and implementation analysis, which is the subject of this report.

In addition to the four-part core evaluation, a special process and implementation study focuses on tribal programs. It documents welfare and employment systems operated by American Indian and Alaska Native WtW grantees, the supportive services they provide, and how these tribal grantees integrate funds from various sources to move members from welfare to work.(6)

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