The Implementation of Maternity Group Home Programs: Serving Pregnant and Parenting Teens in a Residential Setting. Endnotes


1 Some individuals categorized here as part-time staff are actually full-time employees of the home's managing organization but spend only part of their time working for the maternity group home itself.

2 For example, homes in the Massachusetts program have father outreach workers who provide case management and other services to the fathers of the children of maternity group home residents. These staff typically work part-time or are shared by multiple homes.

3 In many cases, it appeared that staff members based their more informal estimates on the typical length of stay primarily on those residents who remained in the home long enough for them to be easily remembered. This phenomenon may have caused some staff members to inadvertently exclude residents with short stays when providing an estimate of the typical length of stay. In other cases, staff members may have deliberately omitted residents with very short stays, since they considered these residents to have never fully engaged and participated in the program.

4 A “resident family” includes the young mother and her child or children. If the young woman is pregnant and has no other children in the program, the "resident family" includes only her.

5 Of course, programs with relatively low staffing levels, and thus low staffing costs, are more likely to have smaller budgets and to devote a higher fraction of their budgets to housing.

6 This pattern could also be seen among homes within a program. Among the homes in the Michigan, New Mexico, and Washington programs, those with the highest per-resident costs also had the highest number of staff per resident.

7 There is one notable exception to this pattern. Inwood House, in New York City, was the largest single facility we visited (typically serving about 24 pregnant teens) but did not have below average costs. This is most likely due to the program's relatively high staff-to-resident ratio, which was higher than other large homes we observed. Inwood House offers an especially intensive set of services for its residents, which likely requires it to have higher staffing levels (and, therefore, higher costs) than other large maternity group homes.

8 The maximum stay in the New York program is limited by the fact that residents can remain in the program only while they are pregnant. Even so, the average length of stay in the program is similar to that of other programs in which residents are allowed to remain after their babies are born.

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