The Implementation of Maternity Group Home Programs: Serving Pregnant and Parenting Teens in a Residential Setting. Endnotes


1 In the Michigan program, although the network agency (Wayne County Family Independence Agency, which oversees the TANF program) does not oversee the referral process, TANF case workers from the agency participate in the interview and application process for all potential new residents of the homes.

2 GCAPP (the Georgia network agency) contracts with an independent research consultant who produces these reports for the program. 

3 Both the Michigan and New Mexico programs had had recent turnover in key network-level staff members at the time of our visits, which may have diminished their ability to provide this kind of support to homes.  Moreover, in the New Mexico program, this lower level of involvement and support is intentional.  The initial vision for the New Mexico program was that it would be fairly decentralized, with homes operating independently and the network agency playing a relatively small role.

4 Inwood House also operates a small group home in the city that serves teen parents rather than pregnant teens.  This home has the capacity to serve three teen parents and their babies.

5 These funds are provided to GCAPP (the network agency in Georgia) through a contract they have with the Georgia Department of Human Resources, the state agency in charge of both welfare and child welfare issues.  These funds cover group home beds for teens who are not in state custody and mental health counseling for all residents.  They also cover the support and assistance provided to the homes by GCAPP.

6 Since these payments typically come from residents’ TANF grants, they are actually another form of government funding for these programs.  Some homes require residents to apply for TANF as a means of ensuring that they will have income to make these monthly payments to the program.

7 An additional 10 percent of the Georgia program’s referrals are teens in state custody through the juvenile justice system.  These referrals come from juvenile justice authorities.

8 If a home has no vacancies, staff usually refer the case to another home in the area.  Some homes maintain waiting lists.  In these homes, staff use names from the waiting lists to fill vacancies when they arise.

9 This method is used only if the program has multiple applicants to choose from when a vacancy arises.

10 According to the HUD definition, individuals are considered to be homeless when they:  (1) reside in a place that is not meant for human habitation (such as a car, park, sidewalk, or abandoned building); (2) reside in an emergency shelter or in transitional housing for the homeless; (3) are being evicted from a private dwelling or discharged from an institution, have no other placement available to them, and lack the resources needed to obtain housing; or (4) are fleeing domestic violence, have no other appropriate place to live, and lack the resources needed to obtain housing.

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