The sample characteristics of youth in each site reflected both the targeting of the programs and the communities in which youth lived (Table III.2). In the two program sites serving middle schoolers, My Choice, My Future! and ReCapturing the Vision, sample youth averaged over 18 years of age by the time of the final follow-up survey. This is considerably older than the two program sites serving upper elementary school youth, FUPTP and Teens in Control, in which sample youth averaged only 15.5 years of age. While the ReCapturing the Vision sample included only girls, reflecting the targeting of the program, the gender mix in the other three sites was fairly close to even. The race/ethnicity of youth in the study samples largely reflected their communities' composition. More than 80 percent of the youth in the My Choice, My Future! sample were white, non-Hispanic, while high proportions of youth in the other three sites were African American or Hispanic.
|My Choice, My Future!
|ReCapturing the Vision
|Teens in Control
|All Four Sites|
|Age at Final Follow-Up (Mean)||18.5||18.2||15.5||15.6||16.9|
|Gender (Percent Female)||51||100||62||52||66|
|African American, non-Hispanic||11||63||76||87||59|
|Baseline Family Situation (Percent)|
|Has a mother figure||98||90||93||97||95|
|Has a father figure||94||81||81||92||87|
|Unmarried sister got pregnant||2||15||17||15||12|
|Sibling dropped out of school||2||7||12||11||8|
|Source: Wave 1 Survey of Teen Activities and Attitudes (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 1999) administered at or near the time youth enrolled in the Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Program study sample.
Note: Data shown are weighted means.
Youth in the study sample come from backgrounds that put them at relatively high risk of having sexual intercourse at an early age. With the exception of My Choice, My Future!, one third or fewer of the sample youth in each site reported at baseline having parents who were married. They also reported relatively high rates of life stressors, such as sisters getting pregnant or siblings dropping out of school. Moreover, although almost all youth reported that they had a mother figure (95 percent), only four out of every five youth in the Recapturing the Vision and FUPTP samples reported having a father figure.