Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs. Other Major Federal Abstinence Funding

In 2000, Congress increased funding of abstinence education through a federal earmark known as Community Based Abstinence Education (CBAE). Like the Title V, Section 510 programs, the CBAE-funded programs must be consistent with all eight of the "A-H" criteria. However, CBAE differs from Title V, Section 510 in the way that the funding is distributed. Under Title V, Section 510, funding passes through the states before reaching the abstinence education programs; CBAE funding, by contrast, is provided directly from the federal government to community-based programs. Also in contrast to Title V, Section 510, all programs funded by CBAE must specifically target youth between 12 and 18 years of age. Initially administered by MCHB, administration of CBAE was re-assigned to ACF in 2005.

Prior to the enactment of Title V, Section 510, federal funding for abstinence education had been provided mainly though the Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) or Title XX of the Public Health Services Act of 1981. Funding through AFLA is modest relative to Title V, Section 510. In fiscal year 2005, the Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs awarded about $13 million in Title XX grants to 58 public and private community organizations for projects that specifically promote several abstinence programs for adolescents (DHHS 2006). All programs funded by AFLA must be consistent with the same eight "A-H" criteria spelled out for the Title V, Section 510 funding.

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