How Well Have Rural and Small Metropolitan Labor Markets Absorbed Welfare Recipients?. Employment and Wages By Skill LeveL

04/01/2001

Exhibit E.1
Employment by Skill Level
Region Low-Skill Medium-Skill High-Skill
1993 1996 1998 1993 1996 1998 1993 1996 1998
Decatur and Florence, Alabama 40,062 43,939 45,057 43,576 45,386 44,529 18,580 19,823 20,289
Rural Mississippi 268,548 307,264 328,993 273,053 289,710 294,511 121,396 133,554 133,796
Joplin, Missouri 28,757 32,028 34,672 25,127 26,826 28,291 10,082 11,259 11,958
Southeast Missouri 69,670 76,436 80,174 67,339 70,713 72,219 29,248 32,666 34,007
Jamestown, New York 23,145 23,581 24,171 21,974 21,702 21,487 10,342 10,456 10,632
North Country, New York 58,991 58,836 61,568 52,070 51,960 52,304 29,621 30,868 31,941
Medford-Ashland, Oregon 26,625 30,259 32,803 20,749 22,934 24,085 10,248 11,755 12,494
Central Oregon 20,909 24,061 25,935 16,969 19,142 20,062 8,539 9,963 10,844
Florence, South Carolina 22,023 23,888 25,461 23,236 23,361 24,140 10,383 11,779 12,762
Vermont 106,349 114,562 120,398 94,097 99,640 102,003 51,935 56,048 57,887
Eau Claire, Wisconsin 26,080 30,440 31,818 22,715 25,871 27,714 11,262 12,980 13,685
Wausau, Wisconsin 22,685 24,730 26,625 22,552 24,905 25,657 9,835 10,978 11,442
United States 44,774,785 48,865,069 52,450,640 42,163,600 44,657,465 45,974,071 22,484,157 24,440,577 25,758,811
Source: Lewin calculations using ES-202, NISP, OES, and BLS education and training requirements data.
Exhibit E.2
Annual Wages by Skill Level
Region Low-Skill Medium-Skill High-Skill
1993 1996 1998 1993 1996 1998 1993 1996 1998
Decatur and Florence, Alabama 16,355 16,223 16,405 26,006 26,771 27,488 42,018 41,691 42,261
Rural Mississippi 14,453 14,623 14,910 21,067 22,220 23,737 35,258 35,872 37,991
Joplin, Missouri 15,447 16,508 16,743 22,510 23,732 24,614 37,743 38,458 39,979
Southeast Missouri 13,454 13,511 13,617 19,833 20,974 21,694 33,241 33,695 34,336
Jamestown, New York 15,638 15,218 15,676 25,170 25,258 26,615 40,542 39,642 41,128
North Country, New York 15,519 15,455 15,810 25,532 26,092 27,928 41,167 40,057 41,428
Medford-Ashland, Oregon 16,046 15,754 16,087 25,209 25,456 26,494 40,365 40,034 41,586
Central Oregon 16,954 16,328 16,603 25,434 25,185 26,578 38,803 38,487 40,200
Florence, South Carolina 15,344 15,273 15,373 24,671 25,302 26,687 41,158 40,951 42,332
Vermont 16,446 16,115 16,528 26,046 26,414 28,371 43,522 42,802 44,503
Eau Claire, Wisconsin 14,728 14,513 15,442 24,359 24,543 26,109 40,783 39,958 42,915
Wausau, Wisconsin 16,435 16,599 16,912 26,695 27,270 28,587 43,517 44,301 46,668
United States 18,668 18,654 19,380 30,064 30,918 33,324 51,078 51,438 55,069
Source: Lewin calculations using ES-202, NISP, OES, and BLS education and training requirements data.
Note: Wages are in constant 1998 dollars.