How Well Have Rural and Small Metropolitan Labor Markets Absorbed Welfare Recipients?. Characteristics of population

04/01/2001

Exhibit 3.3 summarizes the demographic characteristics of the population in each of the study regions, as well as the U.S. population for comparison purposes. As Exhibit 3.3 shows, the majority of residents in all sites are white, although the southern regions have a higher share of blacks. The southern states also have a relatively high share of adults without a high school degree (from 16 to 20 percent), although Southeast Missouri has the highest percent of high school dropouts (25 percent).

Exhibit 3.3
Characteristics of Population, Various Years
Region Population (in thousands) (1996) Rural Population (%) (1990) White (%) (1996) Black (%) (1996) No High School Degree (%) (1990) College Degree (%) (1990)

Decatur and Florence, Alabama

276 48.3 85.7 12.5 15.5 12.4

Rural Mississippi

1,952 62.0 61.0 37.7 19.6 11.1

Joplin, Missouri

146 40.8 95.5 1.1 10.6 12.8

Southeast Missouri

524 47.6 93.4 5.4 24.5 7.8

Jamestown, New York

141 47.6 93.5 2.2 8.8 14.2

North Country, New York

429 65.8 91.5 4.5 9.9 14.0

Medford-Ashland, Oregon

169 34.8 91.8 0.3 6.2 17.6

Central Oregon

131 64.5 91.8 0.2 7.5 13.7

Florence, South Carolina

123 47.7 59.5 39.6 15.7 14.8

Vermont

545 67.9 97.3 0.6 9.8 21.9

Eau Claire, Wisconsin

143 39.3 96.5 0.2 11.0 15.9

Wausau, Wisconsin

122 43.7 96.2 0.1 14.1 13.5

United States

265,284 24.8 83.5 8.9 14.5 13.4

Source: Lewin tabulations using the 2000 Area Resource File.