How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches? Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. Other Outcome

12/01/2001

There were no aggregate impacts on the likelihood that focal children lived away from their mothers because they could not care for them. Between 3 percent (in Atlanta) and 9 percent (in Riverside) of program group mothers reported separation from focal children for this reason, levels that did not differ significantly from those reported by the control groups in any site. (See Table 12.5.)

 

Table 12.5
Impacts on an Outcome Related to Living Arrangements

Site and Program

Sample Size Program Group (%) Control Group (%) Difference (Impact) Effect Size

Lived apart from mother, since last interview,because she could not care for child (mother report)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 600 2.5 4.6 -2.1 -0.12
Atlanta Human Capital Development 678 3.1 4.9 -1.9 -0.11
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 428 6.0 5.9 0.1 0.00
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 410 4.6 7.0 -2.4 -0.11
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 533 8.6 6.4 2.2 0.10
Lacked high school diploma or basic skills 338 6.1 6.2 -0.1 -0.01
Riverside Human Capital Development 438 5.0 6.8 -1.7 -0.09
SOURCE: Child Trends calculations from the Five-Year Child Outcomes Study survey (mother reports)
NOTES:  See Appendix A.2