The costs presented in this chapter consist of all costs associated with providing employment services and related support services to sample members. Figure 13.1 illustrates the cost components. For each group of sample members, costs were calculated for employment-related services that sample members participated in when they were receiving welfare (in-program) and services that they participated in when they were not receiving welfare (out-of-program). The employment-related services are divided into those that were paid for by the welfare department, either directly or indirectly, and those that were paid for by other agencies in the community; this information may be useful to administrators and planners who want to understand the nature of the government's investment.
Major Components of Gross and Net Costs for Employment-Related Services
The remainder of the cost portion of the chapter follows the organization of Figure 13.1, beginning with in-program expenditures paid by the welfare departments and ending with the net cost per program group member, which is the sum of the program costs less the costs of services used by control group members.