How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches? Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. Impacts on Public Assistance


Welfare-to-work programs have two goals: increasing employment and earnings and reducing welfare receipt and benefit amounts. Chapter 4 discussed which programs were most successful with the work part of the transition. The Portland program had the largest and most persistent effects. Employment-focused programs increased employment quickly, and both employment- and education-focused programs increased employment in the intermediate term. For people who had not graduated from high school, however, job search appeared more effective than education at increasing earnings and employment.

This chapter explores the effects of the programs on welfare and Food Stamp receipt and benefit amounts over five years, estimated from automated state and county payment records. In addition to showing the effects of the programs on these outcomes for all programs for the full report sample, the chapter compares the effects of the programs for high school graduates and nongraduates and compares the effects of the LFA and HCD programs in Atlanta, Grand Rapids, and Riverside.