How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches? Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. Expenditures for In-Program Employment-Related Services


Across the programs, costs varied widely for employment-related services for sample members when they were receiving welfare  from less than $4,000 in the Riverside LFA and Detroit programs to more than $7,000 in the Grand Rapids and Atlanta HCD programs. The welfare department paid some of these costs, with the remainder picked up by various other agencies in the community. The proportion that was paid for out of welfare department funds varied across programs, from 27 percent in the Grand Rapids LFA program to 63 percent in the Portland program. This section examines these expenditures in more detail. (See Figure 13.1, Boxes 1 and 2.)