How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches? Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. Appendix B:  Supplementary Tables to Chapter 3

12/01/2001

Appendix Table B.1
Five-Year Impacts on Participation in Employment-Related Activities
Site and Program Sample Size Program Group (%) Control Group (%) Difference (Impact) Percentage Change (%)
Basic education
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 1,071 20.4 11.4 9.1 *** 79.8
Atlanta Human Capital Development 1,146 29.9 11.4 18.5 *** 163.0
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 1,097 20.0 18.9 1.2 6.3
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 1,109 32.1 18.9 13.2 *** 70.2
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,219 17.1 17.9 -0.8 -4.5
Lacked high school diploma or basic skills 657 24.9 28.0 -3.2 -11.3
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 59.0 28.0 31.0 *** 110.6
Portland 504 27.2 20.9 6.3 * 30.2
Post-secondary education
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 1,071 7.5 8.7 -1.2 -13.5
Atlanta Human Capital Development 1,146 11.5 8.7 2.8 31.7
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 1,097 27.0 26.2 0.7 2.8
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 1,109 29.6 26.2 3.3 12.7
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,219 24.5 25.0 -0.5 -1.9
Lacked high school diploma or basic skills 657 12.6 15.5 -2.9 -18.7
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 13.1 15.5 -2.4 -15.2
Portland 504 42.4 26.0 16.4 *** 63.0
Vocational training
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 1,071 23.8 23.2 0.6 2.7
Atlanta Human Capital Development 1,146 33.0 23.2 9.7 *** 42.0
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 1,097 23.3 24.2 -0.8 -3.5
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 1,109 28.5 24.2 4.3 17.7
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,219 23.7 24.5 -0.8 -3.4
Lacked high school diploma or basic skills 657 21.5 20.9 0.6 2.8
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 21.2 20.9 0.3 1.4
Portland 504 25.3 28.7 -3.4 -11.8
Work experience
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 1,071 17.2 7.6 9.6 *** 126.3
Atlanta Human Capital Development 1,146 12.2 7.6 4.6 ** 61.2
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 1,097 10.5 5.2 5.3 *** 101.1
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 1,109 7.6 5.2 2.4 45.3
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,219 7.8 3.2 4.6 *** 147.1
Lacked high school diploma or basic skills 657 7.3 2.2 5.2 *** 235.9
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 6.3 2.2 4.2 ** 190.0
Portland 504 14.7 13.7 1.0 7.1
SOURCE:  MDRC calculations from the Five-Year Client Survey.
NOTES:  See Appendix A.2

 

Appendix Table B.2
Five-Year Impacts on Participation in Employment-Related Activities for Sample Members Without a High School Diploma or GED at Random Assignment

Site and Program

Sample Size Program Group (%) Control Group (%) Difference (Impact) Percentage Change (%)

Basic education

         
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 407 34.5 18.5 16.0 *** 86.6
Atlanta Human Capital Development 437 59.8 18.5 41.3 *** 223.1
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 434 44.8 41.8 3.0 7.2
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 468 68.8 41.8 27.0 *** 64.8
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 657 24.9 28.0 -3.2 -11.3
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 59.0 28.0 31.0 *** 110.6
Portland 163 59.3 49.5 9.8 19.7

Post-secondary education

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 407 1.2 0.8 0.3 37.1
Atlanta Human Capital Development 437 2.5 0.8 1.6 193.9
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 434 9.3 6.4 2.9 45.8
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 468 11.1 6.4 4.8 * 74.5
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 657 12.6 15.5 -2.9 -18.7
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 13.1 15.5 -2.4 -15.2
Portland 163 21.6 13.8 7.8 56.9

Vocational training

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 407 14.0 16.3 -2.3 -14.3
Atlanta Human Capital Development 437 15.2 16.3 -1.1 -6.8
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 434 19.9 18.9 1.0 5.2
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 468 20.6 18.9 1.7 9.0
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 657 21.5 20.9 0.6 2.8
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 21.2 20.9 0.3 1.4
Portland 163 20.4 29.6 -9.2 -31.2

Work experience

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 407 14.5 7.2 7.3 ** 101.2
Atlanta Human Capital Development 437 8.4 7.2 1.2 16.1
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 434 9.7 5.5 4.1 * 74.9
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 468 4.7 5.5 -0.8 -15.3
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 657 7.3 2.2 5.2 *** 235.9
Riverside Human Capital Development 778 6.3 2.2 4.2 ** 190.0
Portland 163 17.8 7.9 9.9 125.3
SOURCE:  MDRC calculations from the Five-Year Client Survey.
NOTES:  See Appendix A.2

 

Appendix Table B.3
Five-Year Impacts on Participation in Employment-Related Activities for Sample Members With a High School Diploma or GED at Random Assignment
Site and Program Sample Size Program Group (%) Control Group (%) Difference (Impact) Percentage Change (%)
Basic education
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 664 11.4 6.9 4.5 ** 65.1
Atlanta Human Capital Development 709 11.1 6.9 4.1 * 59.8
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 663 6.3 6.6 -0.2 -3.4
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 641 12.9 6.6 6.4 *** 97.3
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 562 6.7 4.7 2.0 42.7
Portland 334 12.2 6.8 5.4 79.7
Post-secondary education
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 664 11.5 13.7 -2.2 -16.1
Atlanta Human Capital Development 709 16.8 13.7 3.1 22.7
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 663 36.7 37.1 -0.4 -1.1
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 641 39.4 37.1 2.3 6.1
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 562 40.5 37.7 2.8 7.6
Portland 334 52.6 31.7 20.9 *** 66.2
Vocational training
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 664 30.7 27.1 3.7 13.6
Atlanta Human Capital Development 709 43.7 27.1 16.6 *** 61.5
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 663 25.4 27.1 -1.6 -6.1
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 641 32.5 27.1 5.4 20.0
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 562 26.6 29.2 -2.6 -8.8
Portland 334 27.7 29.1 -1.4 -4.8
Work experience
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 664 18.7 7.8 10.9 *** 140.7
Atlanta Human Capital Development 709 14.8 7.8 7.0 *** 90.2
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 663 11.0 4.9 6.1 *** 124.3
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 641 9.2 4.9 4.3 ** 88.2
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 562 8.4 4.4 4.0 * 91.0
Portland 334 12.9 15.7 -2.8 0.0 -17.7
SOURCE:  MDRC calculations from the Five-Year Client Survey.
NOTES:  See Appendix A.2