How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches? Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. Acknowledgements & Dedication


This report rests on the commitment, cooperation, and hard work of hundreds of people in dozens of agencies during the 12 years that the NEWWS Evaluation was conducted. Critical to the evaluation was the support and assistance of state and local welfare department and other agency administrators and staff in the study's localities: the states of California, Georgia, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Oregon and the counties of Riverside (in California); Fulton (in Georgia); Kent and Wayne (in Michigan); Franklin (in Ohio); Oklahoma, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie (in Oklahoma); and Multnomah and Washington (in Oregon). The willingness of these staff to allow their programs to be studied using an elaborate research design, to share insights into how their programs were implemented, and to allow and facilitate detailed data collection was of crucial importance. The following key staff are owed particular thanks:

  • in California  Bruce Wagstaff, Paul Nakashima, Paul Warren, Debra Gamble-Hojjatie, Dana Herron, Chuck Morga, Janet Secco, and Karen Sutton; and in Riverside County, Dennis Boyle, Marilyn Kuhlman, Ron Quinn, John Rodgers, Shirley Smith, Barbara Black, Herman Copsy, Terry Welborn, Pat Virzi, John Harvey, and Susan Ogden;
  • in Georgia  Michael Thurmond, Sylvia Elam, Linda Bryant, Veronica Carpenter-Thomas, Doug Greenwell, Jeffrey Blankenship, Ed Nelson, Marti Colglazier, Blanie Scroggins, and Susan Williamson; and in Fulton County, Ralph Mitchell, Shirley Tate, Doretha Watkins, Gwen Bailey, Judy Byerly, Freda Carroll, Dallas Chambers, Mary Parker, Linda Turner, and Nancy Chesna;
  • in Michigan  Gerald Miller, Marva Hammons, Dan Cleary, Gary Howitt, Leo Greco, Steve Miller, Dick Hall, F. Robert Edwards, Dick Branch, Diane Clark, Nancy Duncan, Charles Overbey, Nancy Colbert, Vicki Enright, John Weimer, William Walker, and Marlene Hagans; in Kent County, Everett Vermeer, John Cole, Jim Poelstra, Andy Zylstra, Ken VanLoo, John Rosendahl, Char Kramer, and Marilyn Pennebaker; and in Wayne County, Samuel Chambers, Barbara Borden, Johnnie Fox, Eda Fields, Princess Nunley, Richard Stylski, Barbara Allen, and Kathleen Cook;
  • in Ohio  Michael Haas, Joel Rabb, Richard Deppe, Michael Koss, Scott Kozlowski, Nancy Mead, and Brenda Newsome; and in Franklin County, John Hahn, Leila Hardaway, Annette Mizelle, Toni Smith, and Georgianna Hayes;
  • in Oklahoma  Robert Case, Raymond Haddock, Susan Hall, Woody Hogue, Sondra Jacob, Ann Kent, Stuart Kettner, Curtis Rachels, Debbie Toon, Paul Walker, Jacque Lippel, and Sedelia Koper; and in Oklahoma, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie Counties, Judith Atkinson, Farilyn Ballard, Bill Bynum, Neil Freeman, Carolyn Gault, Herbert Jones, Margaret Jones, Beverly Morris, Jim Struby, David Reeves, and Margaret Thompson;
  • in Oregon  Kevin Concannon, Gary Weeks, Sandie Hoback, Stephen Minnich, Jerry Burns, Debbie White, Susan Blanche-Kappler, Elizabeth Lopez, Ron Taylor, Margaret Armantrout, Edward Buckner, Ward Kent, Larry Morris, Bob Putman, Bill Barrong, and Rich Grace; in AFS District Two, Maureen Casterline, Jean Stryker, Judith Brown, David Flock, Frank Gembinski, Erma Hepburn, Jean Pullen, and Marge Reinhart; and in Multnomah and Washington Counties, Pat Adair, Rod Brown, June Cook, Cathy Craner, Oren Cyphers, Hilda Davis, Bob Earnest, Carol Eckel, Dorothy Fuller, Angel Grogen, Veda Latin, Bruce Lowry, Linda Montgomery, Ann Pickar, Kei Quitevis, Will Reinhart, Pam Ruddell, C. L. Thames, Roger Zwemke, Jodi Davich, Mardica Hicks, Maureen Judge-Morris, Nan Poppe, and Julie Wyckoff-Byers.

Gratitude is also due the members of the NEWWS Evaluation research samples. These people shared detailed information about themselves and their children, thoughtfully completed batteries of tests and indices, and, in many cases, opened their homes to enable researchers to obtain particularly sensitive information and directly assess their children's well-being. As policymakers continue to seek new and better ways to increase employment among adult welfare recipients, lift families out of poverty, and foster poor children's well-being, the information pertaining to the study's sample members and their families will provide much guidance for many years to come.


This report is dedicated to the memory of Daniel Friedlander (1947-1999), an adroit and insightful researcher of social programs and an enthusiastic and dedicated colleague, mentor, and friend.  Daniel was instrumental in developing the research design for the NEWWS Evaluation, formulating its key research questions, and developing the tools for analysis.  Daniels unswerving commitment to rigorous experimental research and to clear, precise writing is an enduring inspiration to those who carry on his work.