Housing Assistance and Supportive Services in Memphis. Location and Dispersion by Zip Code

01/05/2013

 

We also examined the distribution of households by zip code to provide a sense of the larger distribution of HOPE VI relocatee households and MHA voucher-holders, in geographic areas more in line with Memphis neighborhoods, many of which cover a large number of census tracts. Memphis planners and researchers who use data refer to areas of the city by zip code, as data are available at this geography and Memphis zip codes approximate clusters of neighborhoods. Table 1 (below) illustrates the locations of HOPE VI relocatee households, all MHA HCV households, and HOPE VI relocatee households with an HCV by common relocatee zip codes.

 

Almost half (46.4 percent) of all relocated households from Lamar Terrace, Dixie Homes, and Cleaborn Homes (including all housing assistance types) now live within one of five zip codes, some of which cover relatively small geographic areas. Of these households, the largest share live in 38126, where Cleaborn Homes was located, and where Foote Homes remains as the only standing traditional public housing development in Memphis (as described above, approximately 80 relocatee households – more than 9 percent of all relocatee households – live in Foot Homes itself). More than 16 percent of relocatee households live in this area, which is small by Memphis standards (approximately 3 square miles in size).

 

The second largest group of relocatees live in 38105, which is where Dixie Homes stood, and where a number of MHA developments for elderly and disabled residents are located. More than 11 percent of relocatee households live in this small area of Memphis. However, relatively few non-relocatee HCV-holders live in this area (Only 1.5 percent and 1.7 percent of all voucher holders live in 38126 and 38105, respectively). The most common zip codes for all MHA HCV-holders (only a small share of whom are relocatees) to live are 38127 (11.4 percent of voucher-holding households), 38109 (11.1 percent), 38118 (9.5 percent), 38115 (9.1 percent), and 38128 (8.9 percent).

 

 

Table 1. Locations of HOPE VI Relocatee Households, All MHA HCV Households, and HOPE Relocatee Households with an HCV by Common Relocatee Zip Codes

Households by Common Relocatee zip codes,

HOPE VI relocatees and all MHA voucher holders

 

All HOPE VI Relocatees (Households)

MHA HCV Holders (Households)

HOPE VI Relocatees with HCV (households)

Zip code

Number of households

Percent

(of Total Relocatee Households)

Number of households

Percent

(of total MHA HCV- households)

Number of Households

Percent

(of total HCV Relocatee Households)

38126

189

16.4

76

1.5

35

6.2

38105

131

11.4

85

1.7

42

7.4

38127

75

6.5

583

11.4

64

11.3

38106

76

6.6

261

5.1

53

9.3

38109

64

5.6

570

11.1

60

10.6

Remaining Zip Codes

618

53.6

3546

69.2

313

55.2

Total

(All Zip Codes)

1153

100.0

5121

100.0

567

100.0

Note: All totals and percentages exclude households for which no zip code is available.

Map 7 (below) shows the locations of major Memphis zip codes and the poverty rates in those areas.

 

Map 7. Major Memphis Zip Codes (with family poverty rate)

 

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