Housing Assistance and Supportive Services in Memphis. Demographics of HOPE VI Relocatees by Zip Code

01/05/2013

 

In most ways, the demographics of HOPE VI relocatee households are similar to those for all Memphis voucher-holders. Both have low incomes, and tend to have female-headed households. However, as described above, these two populations tend to live in different neighborhoods (which affect access to public transportation and services) and they have different personal histories (i.e. some are former public housing residents).

 

The MHA HOPE VI relocatees are almost all African American and are all very low income. As Table 2 (below) shows, the majority of relocatee households are female-headed (86 percent), but an even higher share of all MHA voucher holder households are female-headed. If we just examine relocatees who hold vouchers (e.g., excluding those in public housing and elderly/disabled housing), they look similar to MHA vouchers holders who were not relocated.

 



Table 2. Household Demographics of Relocatees with HCV, and Relocatees, and All Voucher Holders

Household Demographics of Relocatees with HCV, All Relocatees, and All Voucher Holders

 

Female-Headed households

Age of Householder

Total Number of Households

Number

Percent

Mean

Median

All HOPE VI Relocatees

997

86.5

46.1

44

1153

HOPE VI Relocatees with an HCV

520

91.7

42.9

41

567

All MHA HCV Holders

5184

92.2

41.7

39

5620

Note: This table only includes households for which composition data are available.

As displayed in Table 3 (below), HOPE VI relocatee households tend to be small, with an average household size of just two people. Average household size for all Memphis voucher holders (regardless of whether or not they are HOPE VI relocatees) is more than 50 percent larger, with 3.1 members per households.

 

Table 3. Household Composition for HOPE VI Relocatees and All MHA Voucher Holders

 

Zip Codes

Average Members per Household

Average number of children under 18 years old per Household

Total Number of households

HOPE VI Relocatees (regardless of assistance type)

38126

1.9

0.7

189

38105

1.3

0.2

131

38127

2.6

1.4

75

38106

2.5

1.0

76

38109

2.4

1.2

64

Remaining Zip Codes

2.0

0.8

618

All Zip Codes

(All Relocatees)

2.0

0.8

1153

 

All MHA HCV Households

3.1

.

5620

 

HOPE VI Relocatee Households with HCV

2.3

1.1

567

Note: This table only includes households for which composition data are available.

 

Nearly ten percent (10.4 percent) of HOPE VI relocatees (including all household residents) are disabled. Twenty-four percent of heads of relocatee household are disabled (this rate inherently excludes children, who are less likely to be disabled). The household disability rate is similar for all MHA HCV households (24.1 percent).

 

Table 4. Disability among HOPE VI Relocatee Households and All MHA Voucher Holder Households

 

Zip Codes

Head of Household is Disabled

Total Number of Households

Total Number

Percent

HOPE VI Relocatees (regardless of assistance type)

38126

50

26.5

189

38105

52

39.7

131

38127

13

17.3

75

38106

12

15.8

76

38109

17

26.6

64

Remaining Zip Codes

136

22.0

618

All Zip Codes

(All relocatees)

280

24.3

1153

 

All Voucher Holder Households

1354

24.1

5620

 

 

The average household monthly income for relocatees varies by geographic location, but is extremely low overall, and within each zip code (Table 5 shows this distribution). HOPE VI relocatee households have an average monthly income of $467.49, and a median monthly income of $304.

 

On the whole, a very high share of HOPE VI relocatee households receive TANF and SSI. A quarter (25.5 percent) of heads of HOPE VI relocatee households receive TANF and 27.7 percent receive SSI. TANF use among relocatee households is remarkably high (48 percent) in the zip code 38127, where household size and number of children per household are highest (see Table 3).

 



 

Table 5. Income and Benefits Use for HOPE VI Relocatee Households

 

Income and Benefits Use for HOPE VI Relocatee Households


 

Household Monthly Income

Heads of Household Receiving TANF

Heads of households receiving SSI

Mean

Median

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

38126

$371.09

$205.00

57

30.2

57

30.2

38105

$388.16

$400.00

5

3.8

46

35.1

38127

$404.14

$264.00

36

48.0

14

18.7

38106

$396.79

$226.00

27

35.5

20

26.3

38109

$465.52

$254.00

24

37.5

22

34.4

Remaining Zip Codes

$530.37

$414.50

145

23.5

160

25.9

All Relocatees

$467.49

$304.00

294

25.5

319

27.7

 

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