The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies and the State welfare waiver evaluations found that mandatory welfare employment programs that employed a work-first approach are effective in increasing the employment and earnings of welfare recipients, particularly long-term recipients. These findings helped to influence the provisions of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-171) that strengthen the TANF work requirements.
Early findings from the Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) showed that Head Start children were not performing well in the area of letter identification and vocabulary. These findings motivated Head Start’s intensive efforts to strengthen children’s preliteracy. According to more recent FACES data, Head Start children are coming closer to national norms for letter recognition. The percentage of Head Start parents reading to their children three or more times a week has also increased, after intensive efforts to improve early literacy activities. Head Start anticipates continued gains as it continues to focus training and technical assistance resources in this area.
ASPE conducted a study to assess the costs of providing supportive services to individuals and families who are experiencing homelessness and residing in the homeless assistance programs through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The findings identified the actual cost of these services and the myriad funding streams used. The study findings helped guide subsequent HHS and Administration policies on supportive services for individuals and families experiencing homelessness, particularly those residing in HUD homeless assistance programs.
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