OPHS coordinates all HIV/AIDS-related scientific and policy matters, such as new developments and program activities within the areas of research, HIV prevention, HIV care and treatment, and budget development. OPHS also ensures the effective and accountable management of the Department’s HIV/AIDS programs.
Building on its existing surveillance, research, and screening activities, CDC applies well-integrated, multidisciplinary programs of research, surveillance, risk factor, and disease intervention to prevent and control the spread of HIV infection. For example, CDC is the source of national data on the epidemic and supports prevention programs in every State, guided by community planning. These programs reach those at highest risk for acquiring or transmitting infection with effective interventions to reduce their risk and protect their health. CDC and HRSA will support efforts to increase knowledge of community capacity to respond to HIV and increase HIV testing status, focusing especially on groups and communities at the highest risk of infection. FDA is responsible for ensuring the safety of the Nation’s blood supply by minimizing the risks of infectious disease transmission and other hazards while facilitating an adequate supply of blood and blood products.
Routine and targeted HIV testing will be key strategies for preventing new HIV infections and improving outcomes for those who test positive. Individuals infected with HIV who are aware of their infection are less likely to engage in risky behaviors and are more likely to take steps to protect their partners. Additionally, individuals infected with HIV who are aware of their infection can take advantage of the therapies that can keep them healthy and extend their lives.
Additionally, FDA will continue its work with international drug regulatory authorities to promote expedited review of generic antiretroviral drugs under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). HHS, through its operating divisions, especially CDC and HRSA, is one of the major implementing partners for PEPFAR, and manages prevention, treatment, and care activities in the 15 focus countries of the Emergency Plan and more than 20 others. HHS also provides part of the Federal Government’s financial contribution to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and is part of the interagency team that guides U.S. policy toward the fund.
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