Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and costs approximately $210 billion annually.xxv Cancer does not affect all racial or ethnic groups equally. African-Americans are more likely to die of cancer than any other racial or ethnic group, revealing a large health disparity related to this disease. CDC’s National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program funds States, territories, and tribes to build coalitions, assess the burden of cancer, determine priorities, and develop and implement comprehensive cancer control programs. These programs help communities across the country to reduce cancer risks, detect cancers earlier, improve cancer treatment, and enhance quality of life for cancer patients. CDC is supporting these programs to ensure that cancer prevention and control reaches those at highest risk of developing cancer and in the greatest need of assistance.
CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries collects data on the occurrence of cancers through State and territorial registries. CDC is supporting cancer registries throughout the United States to enable public health professionals to better understand and address cancer and its causes.
Making cancer screening, information, and referral services available and accessible to all Americans is essential for reducing the high rates of cancer and cancer deaths. CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program will continue to support screening and diagnostic exams for low-income women with little or no health insurance. The program will also support education and outreach, and case management services. CDC’s prostate cancer control initiatives support information dissemination to the public, physicians, and policymakers about the risks and benefits of prostate cancer screening.
FDA advances cancer prevention through the development and licensure of cancer prevention vaccines.
Included in Medicare’s menu of preventive services are screenings for colorectal and prostate cancer, as well as annual mammograms for women 40 years and older.
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