Through its work in international health, HHS boasts a number of significant accomplishments. In the first 3 years of PEPFAR, in 15 focus countries in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean, HHS, through the efforts of CDC, FDA, and HRSA, has played a significant role in the U.S. Government’s support of antiretroviral treatment for 820,000 people living with HIV/AIDS. In its role in PEPFAR, HHS has also joined the U.S. effort in supporting care for almost 4½ million people, including 2 million orphans and vulnerable children, as well as counseling and testing for 18.6 million people.
In the first year of PMI, which HHS and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) implement jointly, PMI delivered life-saving interventions to prevent and control malaria in the first three countries (Angola, Tanzania, and Uganda). Nearly 1 million long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) were distributed; approximately half a million ITNs that were not long lasting were re-treated; more than 2 million people were protected from malaria after the interiors of their homes were sprayed with insecticides; and approximately 1.2 million treatments of artemisinin-based combination therapy were procured and distributed.
Through CDC’s participation in the GPEI, HHS has played a significant role in spearheading the global fight to eradicate polio. At the launch of the GPEI in 1988, polio was endemic in more than 125 countries, and paralyzed 350,000 children each year. In 2006, only 1,985 people were paralyzed by polio, and now, only 4 endemic countries remain. CDC continues to provide significant technical expertise and support to governments and international organizations in the fight to eradicate polio.
HHS, through the work of CDC, is a core partner in the global Measles Initiative, which also includes the American Red Cross, United Nations Foundation, United Nations Children’s Fund, and WHO. The work of this initiative has had a significant effect on measles deaths globally. Such deaths have fallen by 60 percent worldwide, from an estimated 873,000 deaths in 1999, to 345,000 in 2005. In Africa, measles deaths fell by 75 percent, from an estimated 506,000 to 126,000 in that same period. A concerted initiative in the Americas since 2002 has eliminated endemic measles from the Western Hemisphere.
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