HHS Guidelines for Ensuring and Maximizing the Quality, Objectivity, Utility, and Integrity of Information Disseminated to the Public. III. Types of Information Disseminated by NCHS to the Public


Annually, CDC produces hundreds of publications of various types and provides over 100,000 pages of Web content for access by the public. All publications that carry the CDC logo are considered official publications or releases, and must follow CDC policy and procedures for preparation, review, approval, and distribution (www.cdc.gov/od/foia/policies/clearance.htm).

Examples of the types of information disseminated by CDC to the public are listed below. Some types fit into more than one category and are mentioned in each.

  1. Scientific research studies.

    CDC encourages professional dissemination of scientific research by employees and those funded by CDC to conduct research. These research studies may be published by CDC, such as the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) or non-CDC publications including journals, books, chapters, editorials, reviews, proceedings or abstracts. These are usually authored by or co-authored by CDC staff scientists as part of their official duties or may be authored by CDC partners, CDC advisory committees, or working groups convened by CDC.

  2. Statistical products

    CDC releases data sets and disseminates statistical reports produced by its data collection programs. These include vital statistics, population-based health surveys, and surveys of health care providers.

  3. Programmatic and administrative information.

    CDC disseminates community health assessments and information in connection with and as a byproduct of the administration of programs, such as Program-in-Brief documents, At-A-Glance documents, and program brochures.

  4. Authoritative health, medical and human services information aimed at consumers and health and human services professionals.

    CDC publishes the MMWR which includes Recommendations and Reports. CDC generates Health Alerts, Public Health Advisories, and guidelines for dealing with specific public health threats. CDC also provides the website Travelers' Health, which publishes guidelines for international travelers including the "Yellow Book" and official expert opinions. CDC produces and broadcasts science educational materials and training modules, including Public Health Grand Rounds Satellite broadcasts, Web-assisted Audio Conferences for State and Local Health Policymakers, and the Health Training Network Satellite Broadcast.

  5. Public heath surveillance, and epidemiology information.

    CDC publishes the MMWR Summary of Notifiable Diseases and CDC Surveillance Summaries, and other surveillance summaries on a variety of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, as well as other non-infectious conditions such as Birth Defects Surveillance, National Oral Health Surveillance, Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance, Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance, Hazardous Substance Release/Health Effects Database, Flu Bulletin, Influenza Season Reports and Occupational Morbidity and Mortality Surveillance, Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance, Coal Workers X-ray Surveillance Program, National Surveillance System of Pneumoconiosis Mortality, National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities Surveillance System. In addition CDC publishes outbreak investigations or other items reported in the MMWR that are not authoritative or urgent. ATSDR disseminates information products including Public Health Assessments, Public Health Consultations, Fact Sheets, health study reports, Toxicological Profiles, Case Studies in Environmental Medicine, and Hazardous Substances and Public Health (newsletter).