Health, Housing, and Service Supports for Three Groups of People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness. 1.1. Housing Configurations


The housing component of PSH is almost always structured in one of three ways:

  • As projects or buildings in which all units are PSH (dedicated building or site-based model).

  • As apartments scattered around the community in private rental housing (scattered-site model).

  • As buildings in which PSH tenants occupy some, but usually fewer than half, of units in affordable housing projects, with low and moderate-income tenants occupying the remaining units (a mixed-use or integrated model).

The housing component of PSH virtually always relies on:

  • Rent subsidies that make it possible for very poor formerly homeless people to afford housing. These mostly come from U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) programs (mostly Supportive Housing Program (SHP), Shelter Plus Care, Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS, and Housing Choice Vouchers (HCVs)), subsidies from the HUD-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (VASH) program jointly administered by HUD and the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, and state or local government subsidies.

  • Tenant contributions to rent, most commonly set at 30 percent of tenant income.

  • Additional operating revenues from HUD programs, state and local service agencies, and private fundraising.

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