Less than half (49 percent) of low-income men age 18–44 in the United States have any insurance coverage (figure 1).2 The insured rate for low-income men is significantly lower than the rate for all men age 18–44, which is 71 percent. Low-income men are half as likely as all men in that age group to be covered by private insurance only (30 percent versus 62 percent) due to their lower rates of employment and employer-provided coverage.3 Low-income men are also more than twice as likely as all men age 18–44 to have public insurance only: 17 percent versus 7 percent. However, low-income men in this age range have relatively low public insurance coverage compared to other low-income populations, such as children and pregnant women, who qualify for Medicaid. For example, in 2010, 54 percent of children in families with incomes below 200 percent of FPL were covered by Medicaid or CHIP (Holahan and Chen 2011). Nondisabled childless adults have historically not been eligible for Medicaid regardless of their incomes, unless their state uses its own funds or receives a federal waiver (Kaiser Commission 2013).4
As a result of these relatively low rates of private and public insurance, 51 percent of low-income men lack any health insurance, significantly higher than the share of all men age 18–44 that are uninsured (29 percent).