As shown in Table A.1, the average age of children receiving emergency assistance was nearly 12 in California and slightly over 10 in Florida. The higher average age (relative to children in foster care) is accounted for by the higher concentration of adolescents in this population, presumably a diversion from the juvenile justice system. Sixty percent were male, a disproportionate rate compared to the 50/50 gender distribution within the foster care population. The racial/ethnic distribution was quite similar between emergency assistance and foster care children. The geographic distribution was similar for the two groups in Florida, whereas in California, emergency assistance was more common among children in smaller urban or rural areas.
|Emergency Assistance (N=1,301)||Foster Care (N=111,236)||Emergency Assistance (N=6,898)||Foster Care (N=14,011)|
|Less than 1||9.1||5.1||7.6||4.2|
|1 to 4||8.3||24.2||18.6||26.4|
|5 to 9||8.8||23.9||13.7||24.9|
|10 to 14||25.4||22.3||19.7||23.4|
|15 to 18||48.4||24.5||40.4||21.0|
| SOURCE: HCFA State Medicaid Research Files.
NOTE: Numbers may not sum to total due to rounding. Pennsylvania did not report any children eligible for Medicaid due to emergency assistance in conjunction with child welfare services. MSA is Metropolitan Statistical Area.